Fifty years after anthelmintic resistance in livestock parasites was first reported, the prevalence of resistance has increased globally, and is of increasing significance in animal industries. It is now timely to reflect on what we have learnt, how research has unfolded, and what we hope to learn in the future. This Opinion paper examines ten important research events that were pivotal in resistance research. The moments include the discovery, description, and diagnosis of parasite resistance, as well as important physiological and genetic findings, and the development of online tools to help manage resistance. Despite our efforts, resistance remains the greatest challenge in parasite control. The future directions for research, including people and funding, are discussed.