The (2'S,7'S)-O-(2-methylbutanoyl)-columbianetin as a novel allergic rhinitis-control agent

Sun-Young Nama, Min-Ho Kimb, Youngwan Seo, Youngjin Choi, Jae-Bum Jang, In-Cheol Kang, Myong-Jo Kim, Sokcheon Pak, Hyung-Min Kim, Hyun-Ja Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The (2?S,7?S)-O-(2-methylbutanoyl)-columbianetin (OMC) is a novel secondary metabolite extracted from Corydalis heterocarpa, which has long been used as a folk medicine for various inflammatory diseases in Korea. We examined the effect of OMC on allergic rhinitis (AR). Main methods We assessed the therapeutic effects and regulatory mechanisms of OMC on the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus A23187-stimulated mast cell line, HMC-1 cells and ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR models.
Key findings: OMC significantly decreased the releases of histamine and tryptase from stimulated HMC-1 cells. The degranulation process, characterized by morphological extension of the filopodia on the surface and membrane ruffling, was strongly induced in the stimulated-HMC-1 cell, however OMC suppressed the morphological changes in stimulated-HMC-1 cells. OMC reduced the production and mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines. These inhibitory actions by OMC were dependent on the regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases, nuclear factor-?B, and caspapase-1 signaling pathways. In the AR animal model, the increased rub scores and AR biomarkers (histamine and IgE) in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice were significantly reduced by the administration of OMC. Furthermore, eosinophils and mast cell infiltrations in nasal mucosa tissue were also blocked through the regulation of macrophage-inflammatory protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels.
Significance: OMC showed the possibility to regulate AR in activated mast cells and OVA-induced AR models. Hence, we suggest that OMC is a powerful and feasible new agent to suppress AR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalLife Sciences
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

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