The ABC's of suicide risk assessment : Applying a tripartite approach to individual evaluations. / Harris, K. M.; Syu, Jia-Jia; Lello, Owen D; Chew, Y L Eileen; Willcox, Christopher H; Ho, Roger H M.In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 6, e0127442, 01.06.2015, p. 1-21.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
TY - JOUR
T1 - The ABC's of suicide risk assessment
T2 - Applying a tripartite approach to individual evaluations
AU - Harris, K. M.
AU - Syu, Jia-Jia
AU - Lello, Owen D
AU - Chew, Y L Eileen
AU - Willcox, Christopher H
AU - Ho, Roger H M
N1 - Cited By :2 Export Date: 24 July 2016 CODEN: POLNC References: World Health Organization, (2008) The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update., , Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press; Borschmann, R., Hogg, J., Phillips, R., Moran, P., Measuring self-harm in adults: A systematic review (2012) European Psychiatry., 27 (3), pp. 176-180. , PMID: 21696926; Olfson, M., Marcus, S.C., Bridge, J.A., Focusing suicide prevention on periods of high risk (2014) Journal of the American Medical Association., 311 (11), pp. 1107-1108. , PMID: 24515285; Hobart, J.C., Cano, S.J., Zajicek, J.P., Thompson, A.J., Rating scales as outcome measures for clinical trials in neurology: Problems, solutions, and recommendations (2007) Lancet Neurol., 6 (12), pp. 1094-1105. , PMID: 18031706; DeVellis, R.F., (2012) Scale Development: Theory and Applications. 3rd Ed., , Bickman L, Rog DJ, editors. Los Angeles, CA: Sage; Groth-Marnat, G., (2009) Handbook of Psychological Assessment. 5th Ed., , Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons; Jobes, D.A., Nelson, K.N., Peterson, E.M., Pentiuc, D., Downing, V., Francini, K., Describing suicidality: An investigation of qualitative SSF responses (2004) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior., 34 (2), pp. 99-112. , PMID: 15191267; Michel, K., Maltsberger, J.T., Jobes, D.A., Leenaars, A.A., Orbach, I., Stadler, K., Discovering the truth in attempted suicide (2002) American Journal of Psychotherapy., 56 (3), pp. 424-437. , PMID: 12400207; Eagly, A.H., Chaiken, S., (1993) The Psychology of Attitudes., , Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich; Patry, M.W., Magaletta, P.R., Measuring suicidality using the Personality Assessment Inventory: A convergent validity study with federal inmates (2015) Assessment., 22 (1), pp. 36-45. , PMID: 24947983; Kral, M.J., Sakinofsky, I., Clinical model for suicide risk assessment (1994) Death Studies., 18 (4), pp. 311-326; Granello, D., The process of suicide risk assessment: Twelve core principles (2010) Journal of Counseling and Development., 88 (3), pp. 363-370; Patterson, W.M., Dohn, H.H., Bird, J., Patterson, G.A., Evaluation of suicidal patients: The SAD PERSONS scale (1983) Psychosomatics, 24 (4), pp. 343-345 and 8. , PMID: 6867245; Cooper, J., Kapur, N., Dunning, J., Guthrie, E., Appleby, L., Mackway-Jones, K., A clinical tool for assessing risk after self-harm (2006) Annals of Emergency Medicine., 48 (4), pp. 459-466. , PMID: 16997684; Hatcher, S., The Manchester self harm rule had good sensitivity but poor specificity for predicting repeat self harm or suicide: Commentary (2007) Evidence-Based Medicine., 12 (3), p. 89. , PMID: 17537897; Saunders, K., Brand, F., Lascelles, K., Hawton, K., The sad truth about the SADPERSONS scale: An evaluation of its clinical utility in self-harm patients (2013) Emergency Medicine Journal.; Jobes, D.A., Jacoby, A.M., Cimbolic, P., Hustead, L.A.T., Assessment and treatment of suicidal clients in a university counseling center (1997) Journal of Counseling Psychology., 44 (4), pp. 368-377; Shneidman, E.S., Anodyne psychotherapy for suicide: A psychological view of suicide (2005) Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation., 2 (1), pp. 7-12; Beck, A.T., Brown, G., Berchick, R.J., Stewart, B.L., Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: A replication with psychiatric outpatients (1990) American Journal of Psychiatry., 147 (2), pp. 190-195. , PMID: 2278535; Baumeister, R.F., Suicide as escape from self (1990) Psychological Review., 97 (1), pp. 90-113. , PMID: 2408091; Range, L.M., Knott, E.C., Twenty suicide assessment instruments: Evaluation and recommendations (1997) Death Studies., 21 (1), pp. 25-58. , PMID: 10169713; Corona, C.D., Jobes, D.A., Nielsen, A.C., Pedersen, C.M., Jennings, K.W., Lento, R.M., Assessing and treating different suicidal states in a Danish outpatient sample (2013) Archives of Suicide Research., 17 (3), pp. 302-312. , PMID: 23889578; Kovacs, M., Beck, A.T., The wish to die and the wish to live in attempted suicides (1977) Journal of Clinical Psychology., 33 (2), pp. 361-365. , PMID: 870525; Baca-Garcia, E., Perez-Rodriguez, M.M., Oquendo, M.A., Keyes, K.M., Hasin, D.S., Grant, B.F., Estimating risk for suicide attempt: Are we asking the right questions?: Passive suicidal ideation as a marker for suicidal behavior (2011) Journal of Affective Disorders., 134 (1-3), pp. 327-332; Beck, A.T., Kovacs, M., Weissman, A., Hopelessness and suicidal behavior: An overview (1975) Journal of the American Medical Association., 234 (11), pp. 1146-1149. , PMID: 1242427; Yaseen, Z.S., Fisher, K., Morales, E., Galynker, I.I., Love and suicide: The structure of the Affective Intensity Rating Scale (AIRS) and its relation to suicidal behavior (2012) PLoS ONE., 7 (8); Beck, A.T., Kovacs, M., Weissman, A., Assessment of suicidal intention: The Scale for Suicide Ideation (1979) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology., 47 (2), pp. 343-352. , PMID: 469082; Jobes, D.A., (2006) Managing Suicidal Risk: A Collaborative Approach., , New York, NY: Guilford Press; Horwitz, A.G., Czyz, E.K., King, C.A., Predicting future suicide attempts among adolescent and emerging adult psychiatric emergency patients (2014) J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol.; Tran, T., Luo, W., Phung, D., Harvey, R., Berk, M., Kennedy, R.L., Risk stratification using data from electronic medical records better predicts suicide risks than clinician assessments (2014) BMC Psychiatry., 14 (1); Bilén, K., Ottosson, C., Castrén, M., Ponzer, S., Ursing, C., Ranta, P., Deliberate self-harm patients in the emergency department: Factors associated with repeated self-harm among 1524 patients (2011) Emergency Medicine Journal., 28 (12), pp. 1019-1025. , PMID: 21076053; Harriss, L., Hawton, K., Zahl, D., Value of measuring suicidal intent in the assessment of people attending hospital following self-poisoning or self-injury (2005) British Journal of Psychiatry., 186 (1), pp. 60-66; Suokas, J., Suominen, K., Isometsaè, E., Ostamo, A., Loènnqvist, J., Long-term risk factors for suicide mortality after attempted suicide - Findings of a 14-year follow-up study (2001) Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica., 104 (2), pp. 117-121. , PMID: 11473505; Osman, A., Bagge, C.L., Gutierrez, P.M., Konick, L.C., Kopper, B.A., Barrios, F.X., The Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R): Validation with clinical and nonclinical samples (2001) Assessment., 8 (4), pp. 443-454. , PMID: 11785588; Beck, R.W., Morris, J.B., Beck, A.T., Cross-validation of the Suicidal Intent Scale (1974) Psychological Reports., 34 (2), pp. 445-446. , PMID: 4820501; Kovacs, M., Beck, A.T., Weissman, A., The communication of suicidal intent: A reexamination (1976) Archives of General Psychiatry., 33 (2), pp. 198-201. , PMID: 1252096; Misson, H., Mathieu, F., Jollant, F., Yon, L., Guillaume, S., Parmentier, C., Factor analyses of the Suicidal Intent Scale (SIS) and the Risk-Rescue Rating Scale (RRRS): Toward the identification of homogeneous subgroups of suicidal behaviors (2010) Journal of Affective Disorders., 121 (1-2), pp. 80-87. , PMID: 19903574; Zhou, X.M., Jia, S.H., Suicidal communication signifies suicidal intent in Chinese completed suicides (2012) Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology., 47 (11), pp. 1845-1854. , PMID: 22366911; Nock, M.K., Holmberg, E.B., Photos, V.I., Michel, B.D., Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview: Development, reliability, and validity in an adolescent sample (2007) Psychological Assessment., 19 (3), pp. 309-317. , PMID: 17845122; Winters, N.C., Myers, K., Proud, L., Ten-year review of rating scales. III: Scales assessing suicidality, cognitive style, and self-esteem (2002) Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry., 41 (10), pp. 1150-1181. , PMID: 12364838; Shneidman, E.S., (1996) The Suicidal Mind., , New York: Oxford University Press; Brown, G.K., Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., Grisham, J.R., Risk factors for suicide in psychiatric outpatients: A 20-year prospective study (2000) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology., 68 (3), pp. 371-377. , PMID: 10883553; Institute of Medicine, (2010) CNS Clinical Trials: Suicidality and Data Collection: Workshop Summary, , Academies TN, editor. Washington, DC: National Academ es Press; PMID: 21452454; Meyer, R.E., Salzman, C., Youngstrom, E.A., Clayton, P.J., Goodwin, F.K., Mann, J.J., Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development: A consensus statement (2010) Journal of Clinical Psychiatry., 71 (8), pp. e1-e21. , PMID: 20797373; Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., Brown, G.K., (1996) Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II., , San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation; Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R.L., Williams, J.B.W., The PHQ-9: Validity of a brief depression severity measure (2001) Journal of General Internal Medicine., 16 (9), pp. 606-613. , PMID: 11556941; Gardner, D.G., Cummings, L.L., Dunham, R.B., Pierce, J.L., Single-item versus multiple-item measurement scales: An empirical comparison (1998) Educational and Psychological Measurement., 58 (6), pp. 898-915; Ostini, R., Nering, M.L., (2006) Polytomous Item Response Theory Models., , Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; Cox, A., Pant, H., Gilson, A.N., Rodriguez, J.L., Young, K.R., Kwon, S., Effects of augmenting response options on MMPI-2 RC scale psychometrics (2012) Journal of Personality Assessment., 94 (6), pp. 613-619. , PMID: 22809101; MacCallum, R.C., Zhang, S., Preacher, K.J., Rucker, D.D., On the practice of dichotomization of quantitative variables (2002) Psychological Methods., 7 (1), pp. 19-40. , PMID: 11928888; Lozano, L.M., García-Cueto, E., Muñiz, J., Effect of the number of response categories on the reliability and validity of rating scales (2008) Methodology., 4 (2), pp. 73-79; Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., Mairesse, O., Impact of the number of response categories on linearity and sensitivity of self-anchoring scales: A functional measurement approach (2007) Methodology., 3 (4), pp. 160-169; Embretson, S.E., Reise, S.P., (2000) Item Response Theory for Psychologists., , Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc; Ware, J.E., Gander, B., The SF-36 health survey: Development and use in mental health research and the IQOLA project (1994) International Journal of Mental Health., 23, pp. 49-73; Osterlin, S.J., Everson, H.T., (2009) Differential Item Functioning. 2nd Ed., , London: SAGE Publications; Kalibatseva, Z., Leong, F.T.L., Ham, E.H., A symptom profile of depression among Asian Americans: Is there evidence for differential item functioning of depressive symptoms? (2014) Psychological Medicine., 44 (12), pp. 2567-2578. , PMID: 25055174; Kim, Y., Pilkonis, P.A., Frank, E., Thase, M.E., Reynolds, C.F., Differential functioning of the Beck Depression Inventory in late-life patients: Use of item response theory (2002) Psychology and Aging., 17 (3), pp. 379-391. , PMID: 12243380; Muehlenkamp, J.J., Gutierrez, P.M., Osman, A., Barrios, F.X., Validation of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) Inventory in a diverse sample of young adults (2005) Journal of Clinical Psychology., 61 (4), pp. 431-445. , PMID: 15503303; Zieky, M., Fairness review in assessment (2006) Handbook of Test Development, pp. 359-376. , Downing SM, Haladyna TM, editors. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; Thornton, L.K., Harris, K.M., Baker, A.L., Johnson, M., Kay-Lambkin, F.J., Recruiting for addiction research via Facebook Drug and Alcohol Review., , in press; Linehan, M.M., Nielsen, S.L., Assessment of suicide ideation and parasuicide: Hopelessness and social desirability (1981) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology., 49 (5), pp. 773-775. , PMID: 7287996; Tourangeau, R., Yan, T., Sensitive questions in surveys (2007) Psychological Bulletin., 133 (5), pp. 859-883. , PMID: 17723033; Joinson, A.N., Self-disclosure in computer-mediated communication: The role of self-awareness and visual anonymity (2001) European Journal of Social Psychology., 31 (2), pp. 177-192; Joinson, A.N., Woodley, A., Reips, U.-D., Personalization, authentication and self-disclosure in self-administered Internet surveys (2007) Computers in Human Behavior., 23 (1), pp. 275-285; Harris, K.M., Life vs. death: The suicidal mind online (2015) Mental Health in the Digital Age: Grave Dangers, Great Promise., pp. 135-151. , Aboujao de E, Starcevic V, editors. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Harris, K.M., McLean, J.P., Sheffield, J., Suicidal and online: How do online behaviors inform us of this high-risk population? (2014) Death Studies., 38 (6), pp. 387-394. , PMID: 24666145; American Psychiatric Association, (2003) Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Behaviors, , Behaviors WGoS, editor. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; Ministry of Health, (2003) The Assessment and Management of People at Risk of Suicide: For Emergency Departments and Mental Health Service Acute Assessment Settings, , Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Health; Beck, A.T., Brown, G.K., Steer, R.A., Dahlsgaard, K.K., Grisham, J.R., Suicide ideation at its worst point: A predictor of eventual suicide in psychiatric outpatients (1999) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior., 29 (1), pp. 1-9. , PMID: 10322616; Suicide Risk Management: Diagnostic Tests 2013, , http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/1016/diagnosis/tests.html, [cited 2014 October1]. Available from; Chehil, S., Kutcher, S.P., (2012) Suicide Risk Management: A Manual for Health Professionals. 2nd Ed., , Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; SAMHSA-HRSA Center for Integrated Health Solutions, (2015) Suicide Prevention: Screening Tools: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, , http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/suicide-prevention, [cited 2015 January 20]. Available from; Posner, K., Brown, G.K., Stanley, B., Brent, D.A., Yershova, K.V., Oquendo, M.A., The Columbia-suicide severity rating scale: Initial validity and internal consistency findings from three multisite studies with adolescents and adults (2011) American Journal of Psychiatry., 168 (12), pp. 1266-1277. , PMID: 22193671; Posner, K., Brent, D., Lucas, C., Gould, M., Stanley, B., Brown, G., (2009) Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), , New York, NY; Mundt, J.C., Greist, J.H., Jefferson, J.W., Federico, M., Mann, J.J., Posner, K., Prediction of suicidal behavior in clinical research by lifetime suicidal ideation and behavior ascertained by the electronic columbia-suicide severity rating scale (2013) Journal of Clinical Psychiatry., 74 (9), pp. 887-893. , PMID: 24107762; Reynolds, W.M., Psychometric characteristics of the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire in college students (1991) Journal of Personality Assessment., 56 (2), pp. 289-307. , PMID: 2056423; Gutierrez, P.M., Osman, A., Kopper, B.A., Barrios, F.X., Appropriateness of the multi-attitude suicide tendency scale for non-White individuals (2004) Assessment., 11 (1), pp. 73-84. , PMID: 14994956; Linehan, M.M., (1981) Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire (SBQ) Seattle, WA: Behavioral Research & Therapy Clinics, , http://www.wbma.cc/Scales/Suicidal_Beh_Quest_pre_assessment.pdf, University of Washington; [cited 2015 January 20]. Available from; Jobes, D.A., The collaborative assessment and management of suicidality (CAMS): An evolving evidence-based clinical approach to suicidal risk (2012) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior., 42 (6), pp. 640-653. , PMID: 22971238; Radloff, L.S., The CES-D scale (1977) Applied Psychological Measurement., 1 (3), pp. 385-401; Andresen, E.M., Malmgren, J.A., Carter, W.B., Patrick, D.L., Screening for depression in well older adults: Evaluation of a short form of the CES-D (1994) American Journal of Preventive Medicine., 10 (2), pp. 77-84. , PMID: 8037935; Antony, M.M., Bieling, P.J., Cox, B.J., Enns, M.W., Swinson, R.P., Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample (1998) Psychological Assessment., 10 (2), pp. 176-181; Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., (1988) Beck Hopelessness Scale Manual New York, , Psychological Corp; Russell, D.W., UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3): Reliability, validity, and factor structure (1996) Journal of Personality Assessment., 66 (1), pp. 20-40. , PMID: 8576833; Zimet, G.D., Dahlem, N.W., Zimet, S.G., Farley, G.K., The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived So ial Support (1988) Journal of Personality Assessment., 52 (1), pp. 30-41; Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., Griffin, S., The Satisfaction With Life Scale (1985) Journal of Personality Assessment., 49 (1), pp. 71-75. , PMID: 16367493; Zheng, L., Goldberg, L.R., Zheng, Y., Zhao, Y., Tang, Y., Liu, L., Reliability and concurrent validation of the IPIP Big-Five factor markers in China: Consistencies in factor structure between Internet-obtained heterosexual and homosexual samples (2008) Personality and Individual Differences., 45 (7), pp. 649-654. , PMID: 20383283; Topić, M.K., Kovačević, M.P., Mlačić, B., Relations of the Big-Five personality dimensions to autodestructive behavior in clinical and non-clinical adolescent populations (2012) Croatian Medical Journal., 53 (5), pp. 450-460. , PMID: 23100207; Tabachnick, B.G., Fidell, L.S., (2007) Using Multivariate Statistics. 5th Ed., , Boston: Pearson Education; De Ayala, R.J., (2009) The Theory and Practice of Item Response Theory., , New York: Guilford Press; Reise, S.P., Yu, J., Parameter recovery in the graded response model using MULTILOG (1990) J Educ Meas., 27, pp. 133-144; Rizopoulos, D., ltm: An R package for latent variable modelling and item response theory analyses (2006) Journal of Statistical Software., 17 (5), pp. 1-25; Kumagai, R., A new method for estimating differential item functioning (DIF) for multiple groups and polytomous items: Development of index K and the computer program "EasyDIF" (2012) Japanese Journal of Psychology., 83 (1), pp. 35-43. , PMID: 22715537; Nunnally, J.C., Bernstein, I.H., (1994) Psychometric Theory. 3rd Ed., , New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; Streiner, D.L., Starting at the beginning: An introduction to coefficient alpha and internal consistency (2003) Journal of Personality Assessment., 80 (1), pp. 99-103. , PMID: 12584072; Zinbarg, R.E., Revelle, W., Yovel, I., Li, W., Cronbach's α, Revelle's β and McDonald's ω H: Their relations with each other and two alternative conceptualizations of reliability (2005) Psychometrika., 70 (1), pp. 123-133; Costello, A.B., Osborne, J.W., Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Practical Assessment (2005) Research & Evaluation., 10 (7), pp. 173-178; Henson, R.K., Roberts, J.K., Use of exploratory factor analysis in published research: Common errors and some comment on improved practice (2006) Educational and Psychological Measurement., 66 (3), pp. 393-416; Campbell, D.T., Fiske, D.W., Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix (1959) Psychological Bulletin., 56 (2), pp. 81-105. , PMID: 13634291; Strauss, M.E., Smith, G.T., Construct validity: Advances in theory and methodology (2009) Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, pp. 1-25. , PMID: 19086835; Beckerman, H., Roebroeck, M.E., Lankhorst, G.J., Becher, J.G., Bezemer, P.D., Verbeek, A.L.M., Smallest real difference, a link between reproducibility and responsiveness (2001) Quality of Life Research., 10 (7), pp. 571-578. , PMID: 11822790; MacCallum, R.C., Widaman, K.F., Zhang, S., Hong, S., Sample size in factor analysis (1999) Psychological Methods., 4 (1), pp. 84-99; Harris, K.M., McLean, J.P., Sheffield, J., Jobes, D., The internal suicide debate hypothesis: Exploring the life versus death struggle (2010) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 40 (2), pp. 191-192. , PubMed Central PMCID: PMC20465353; Lam, T.C.M., Kolic, M., Effects of semantic incompatibility on rating response (2008) Applied Psychological Measurement., 32 (3), pp. 248-260; Comrey, A.L., Lee, H.B., (1992) A First Course in Factor Analysis., , Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum; MacCallum, R.C., Widaman, K.F., Preacher, K.J., Hong, S., Sample size in factor analysis: The role of model error (2001) Multivariate Behavioral Research., 36 (4), pp. 611-637; Goldberg, L.R., Velicer, W.F., Principles of exploratory factor analysis (2006) Differentiating Normal and Abnormal Personality. 2nd Ed., pp. 209-237. , Strack S, editor. New York: Springer; Clark, L.A., Watson, D., Constructing validi y: Basic issues in objective scale development (1995) Psychological Assessment., 7 (3), pp. 309-319; Yu, M.N., (2009) Item Response Theory., , Taipei, Taiwan: Psychological Publishing Co; Roussos, L.A., Stout, W.F., Simulation studies of the effects of small sample size and studied item parameters on SIBTEST and Mantel-Haenszel Type I error performance (1996) J Educ Meas., 33 (2), pp. 215-230; Jobes, D.A., Mann, R.E., Reasons for living versus reasons for dying: Examining the internal debate of suicide (1999) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior., 29 (2), pp. 97-104. , PMID: 10407963; O'Connor, S.S., Jobes, D.A., Yeargin, M.K., Fitzgerald, M.E., Rodríguez, V.M., Conrad, A.K., A cross-sectional investigation of the suicidal spectrum: Typologies of suicidality based on ambivalence about living and dying (2012) Comprehensive Psychiatry., 53 (5), pp. 461-467. , PMID: 22104555; Nader, I.W., Niederkrotenthaler, T., Schild, A.H.E., Koller, I., Tran, U.S., Kapusta, N.D., Development of a scale to assess knowledge about suicide postvention using item response theory (2013) Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior., 43 (2), pp. 174-184. , PMID: 23301518; Hatcher, S., Pimentel, A., Do patients and clinicians differ in their assessment of suicidal intent after self-harm using the same suicide questionnaire scale? (2013) International Emergency Nursing., 21 (4), pp. 236-239. , PMID: 23298814
PY - 2015/6/1
Y1 - 2015/6/1
N2 - There is considerable need for accurate suicide risk assessment for clinical, screening, and research purposes. This study applied the tripartite affect-behavior-cognition theory, the suicidal barometer model, classical test theory, and item response theory (IRT), to develop a brief self-report measure of suicide risk that is theoretically-grounded, reliable and valid. An initial survey (n = 359) employed an iterative process to an item pool, resulting in the six-item Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS). Three additional studies tested the SABCS and a highly endorsed comparison measure. Studies included two online surveys (Ns = 1007, and 713), and one prospective clinical survey (n = 72; Time 2, n = 54). Factor analyses demonstrated SABCS construct validity through unidimensionality. Internal reliability was high (α = .86-.93, split-half = .90-.94)). The scale was predictive of future suicidal behaviors and suicidality (r = .68, .73, respectively), showed convergent validity, and the SABCS-4 demonstrated clinically relevant sensitivity to change. IRT analyses revealed the SABCS captured more information than the comparison measure, and better defined participants at low, moderate, and high risk. The SABCS is the first suicide risk measure to demonstrate no differential item functioning by sex, age, or ethnicity. In all comparisons, the SABCS showed incremental improvements over a highly endorsed scale through stronger predictive ability, reliability, and other properties. The SABCS is in the public domain, with this publication, and is suitable for clinical evaluations, public screening, and research. © 2015 Harris et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
AB - There is considerable need for accurate suicide risk assessment for clinical, screening, and research purposes. This study applied the tripartite affect-behavior-cognition theory, the suicidal barometer model, classical test theory, and item response theory (IRT), to develop a brief self-report measure of suicide risk that is theoretically-grounded, reliable and valid. An initial survey (n = 359) employed an iterative process to an item pool, resulting in the six-item Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS). Three additional studies tested the SABCS and a highly endorsed comparison measure. Studies included two online surveys (Ns = 1007, and 713), and one prospective clinical survey (n = 72; Time 2, n = 54). Factor analyses demonstrated SABCS construct validity through unidimensionality. Internal reliability was high (α = .86-.93, split-half = .90-.94)). The scale was predictive of future suicidal behaviors and suicidality (r = .68, .73, respectively), showed convergent validity, and the SABCS-4 demonstrated clinically relevant sensitivity to change. IRT analyses revealed the SABCS captured more information than the comparison measure, and better defined participants at low, moderate, and high risk. The SABCS is the first suicide risk measure to demonstrate no differential item functioning by sex, age, or ethnicity. In all comparisons, the SABCS showed incremental improvements over a highly endorsed scale through stronger predictive ability, reliability, and other properties. The SABCS is in the public domain, with this publication, and is suitable for clinical evaluations, public screening, and research. © 2015 Harris et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
KW - adult affect behavior cognition theory aged Article behavior assessment classical test theory construct validity convergent validity factorial analysis female human item response theory major clinical study male normal human predictive validity reliabilit
U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0127442
DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0127442
M3 - Article
C2 - 26030590
VL - 10
SP - 1
EP - 21
JO - PLoS One
JF - PLoS One
SN - 1932-6203
IS - 6
M1 - e0127442