The Abolishment of Caliphate (Khilafah) in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey: Seyyid Bey (1873-1925) and Juristic Foundations of Its Abolishment from within Islamic Legal Tradition

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation onlypeer-review


The Islamic State (ISIS) declared its self-proclaimed Islamic Caliphate in 2014 in an attempt to lead the worldwide Muslim movement. Mia Bloom, a security studies professor at Massachusetts University and author of Bombshell: Women and Terrorism, stated that ‘the idea of living in the caliphate is a very positive and powerful one that women already living amid ISIS fighters hold dear to their heart’. (The Guardian, 2014). This comment opened various discussions on the notion of the Caliphate (Khilafah), the idea of the Muslim Umma (community) and Muslim communities worldwide and in Australia. This paper will focus on early 20th century Muslim thought and discussion on the Caliphate. While the idea of restoring and purifying the Caliphate was present during this period, the Turkish Grand National Assembly decided to abolish the Caliphate on March 3, 1924. Jurist Seyyid Bey provided juristic justifications for the abolishment from an Islamic jurisprudential perspective. This paper will analyse Seyyid Bey’s juristic reasoning, his place in the idea of Islamism, and the implications for today’s discussions on the institution of the Caliphate.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventIslam and Justice: AAIMS Inaugural Conference on the Study of Islam and Muslim Societies - Copland Theatre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 18 Dec 201719 Dec 2017 (Conference website) (Conference program, abstracts)


ConferenceIslam and Justice
OtherThe inaugural conference of the Australian Association of Islamic and Muslim Studies (AAIMS) will represent the depth and breadth of scholarship in Australia. It will showcase the diversity of this field of study which reflects the range of Muslim experiences across many countries and continents.

The experiences and daily challenges faced by Muslims in Australia is, by definition, different to those in the Middle East, South Asia and South East Asia. This difference, however, does not detach them from events and processes that shape the lives of other Muslims. Studies of Muslim experiences and manifestations of Islam require a multi-disciplinary approach to capture the topic in all its multi-faceted complexity. AAIMS inaugural conference will address this important consideration by bringing together leading scholars from many disciplines, including law, politics, sociology, religious studies, philosophy and theology.
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