The Association between El Niño/Southern Oscillation Events and Typhoons in the Marshall Islands

DIRK H.R. SPENNEMANN, IAN C. MARSCHNER

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An analysis of the historic record of typhoons in the Marshall Islands has identified a significant association between the occurrence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation phenomenon (ENSO) and the occurrence of typhoons in the Marshall Islands. Whilst typhoons normally occur further to the east, the warming of the ocean waters around the Marshall Islands, as part of the ENSO phenomenon, generates typhoons further to the west. The results suggest that typhoons are 2.6 times more likely to occur during ENSO years, with a 71 per cent chance of a typhoon striking during an ENSO year, and only a 26 per cent chance of one happening during a non‐ENSO year. This has implications for planning and public safety, which the relevant authorities may wish to take note of.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalDisasters
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995

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