The association between self-report of orofacial pain symptoms and age, gender, interference in activities, and socioeconomic factors surveyed in Indonesian community health centres

Tantry Maulina, Cut Novianty Rachmy, Rahena Akhter, Terry Whittle, R Wendell Evans, Greg M. Murray

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to reveal the prevalence of orofacial pain in community health centres in Indonesia as well as associations with age, gender, interference in physical activities and socioeconomic status. Methods: Seven hundred patients aged at least 18 years from 35 Indonesian Community Health Centres completed a questionnaire consisting of 4 socio-demographic questions (age, gender, education level and residential location) and 15 questions about their orofacial pain symptom history. The data were analysed for frequencies and significant associations were explored with Chi square tests; statistical significance accepted at p<0.05. Results: Of the 700 participants, 391 (55.9%) experienced orofacial pain in the previous 6 months. Of the 391 participants, 358 (91.6%) experienced toothache, 293 (74.9%) experienced difficulty in chewing, 254 (65.0%) experienced difficulty in eating hard food, 254 (65.0%) complained of interference in daily activities due to orofacial pain, 251 (64.19%) complained of interference in being involved in social and recreational activities, and 251 (64.19%) complained of interference in work activities. There were significant associations between jaw ache or jaw stiffness when waking up in the morning with age (p=0.04), education (p=0.001) and residential area (p=0.021) as well as between night clenching or grinding with age (p=0.007) and gender (p=0.001). Conclusion: The data indicated a high prevalence of orofacial pain in this Indonesian population as well as significant associations with age, gender, interference in physical activities, and socioeconomic status. The preliminary findings can be used as baseline information for improving the management of orofacial pain and quality of life of Indonesian people.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-34
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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