The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants

Remy Dehaan, Leslie Weston, Rodney Rumbachs

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

Cost-effective tools for rapidly identifyingthe spatial distribution of invasive plants in naturaland managed landscapes are needed by land managersacross the world to identify and monitor the spread ofweeds. This paper describes a low-cost unmanned aircraftsystem (UAS) designed for the rapid acquisitionof hyperspectral image data. The system integrates aHeadwall Hyperspectral Visible Near-Infrared (VNIR)sensor covering 400'1000 nm range, a PCO EdgeCMOS camera, a Cyber Technology autopilot andInertial Navigation System (INS) including Real TimeKinematic (RTK) GPS, a data acquisition computerand custom software for operating the sensor. Theimaging and autopilot systems are mounted on lowcostfixed wing and helicopter platforms. The Zealous2 helicopter kit was developed by RC Helicopters andbuilt by Cyber Technology in Western Australia. TheZealous 2 consists of a jet turbine engine poweringmain rotors spanning 2.1 m and is capable of lifting 15kg. The fixed wing plane known as a 'Super Hauler'is made from balsa wood, has a wing span of 3.6 mand is 3 m long. The plane was designed and builtby BTE Engineering in the USA and is capable oflifting 20 kg. The GPS/INS system provides aircraftposition, pitch, roll and yaw information allowing forrapid geo-registration of the imagery. This paper willdiscuss the challenges associated with developmentand integration of the components for mapping invasiveplants using unmanned aircrafts and the spectralcharacteristics of a number of target invasive species.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012)
Subtitle of host publicationDeveloping Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems
EditorsValerie Eldershaw
Place of PublicationMelbourne
PublisherWeed Society of Victoria
Pages103-107
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780646586700
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012) - The Sebel and Citigate Albert Park, Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 08 Oct 201211 Oct 2012
http://caws.org.au/awc_contents.php?yr=2012 (Conference proceedings)

Conference

Conference18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012)
Abbreviated titleDeveloping Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period08/10/1211/10/12
Internet address

Fingerprint

Helicopters
Aircraft
Global positioning system
Fixed wings
Sensors
Navigation systems
Spatial distribution
Costs
Data acquisition
Wood
Turbines
Rotors
Cameras
Infrared radiation

Cite this

Dehaan, R., Weston, L., & Rumbachs, R. (2012). The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants. In V. Eldershaw (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012): Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems (pp. 103-107). Melbourne: Weed Society of Victoria.
Dehaan, Remy ; Weston, Leslie ; Rumbachs, Rodney. / The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants. Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012): Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. editor / Valerie Eldershaw. Melbourne : Weed Society of Victoria, 2012. pp. 103-107
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abstract = "Cost-effective tools for rapidly identifyingthe spatial distribution of invasive plants in naturaland managed landscapes are needed by land managersacross the world to identify and monitor the spread ofweeds. This paper describes a low-cost unmanned aircraftsystem (UAS) designed for the rapid acquisitionof hyperspectral image data. The system integrates aHeadwall Hyperspectral Visible Near-Infrared (VNIR)sensor covering 400'1000 nm range, a PCO EdgeCMOS camera, a Cyber Technology autopilot andInertial Navigation System (INS) including Real TimeKinematic (RTK) GPS, a data acquisition computerand custom software for operating the sensor. Theimaging and autopilot systems are mounted on lowcostfixed wing and helicopter platforms. The Zealous2 helicopter kit was developed by RC Helicopters andbuilt by Cyber Technology in Western Australia. TheZealous 2 consists of a jet turbine engine poweringmain rotors spanning 2.1 m and is capable of lifting 15kg. The fixed wing plane known as a 'Super Hauler'is made from balsa wood, has a wing span of 3.6 mand is 3 m long. The plane was designed and builtby BTE Engineering in the USA and is capable oflifting 20 kg. The GPS/INS system provides aircraftposition, pitch, roll and yaw information allowing forrapid geo-registration of the imagery. This paper willdiscuss the challenges associated with developmentand integration of the components for mapping invasiveplants using unmanned aircrafts and the spectralcharacteristics of a number of target invasive species.",
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Dehaan, R, Weston, L & Rumbachs, R 2012, The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants. in V Eldershaw (ed.), Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012): Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. Weed Society of Victoria, Melbourne, pp. 103-107, 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012), Melbourne, Australia, 08/10/12.

The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants. / Dehaan, Remy; Weston, Leslie; Rumbachs, Rodney.

Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012): Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. ed. / Valerie Eldershaw. Melbourne : Weed Society of Victoria, 2012. p. 103-107.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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N2 - Cost-effective tools for rapidly identifyingthe spatial distribution of invasive plants in naturaland managed landscapes are needed by land managersacross the world to identify and monitor the spread ofweeds. This paper describes a low-cost unmanned aircraftsystem (UAS) designed for the rapid acquisitionof hyperspectral image data. The system integrates aHeadwall Hyperspectral Visible Near-Infrared (VNIR)sensor covering 400'1000 nm range, a PCO EdgeCMOS camera, a Cyber Technology autopilot andInertial Navigation System (INS) including Real TimeKinematic (RTK) GPS, a data acquisition computerand custom software for operating the sensor. Theimaging and autopilot systems are mounted on lowcostfixed wing and helicopter platforms. The Zealous2 helicopter kit was developed by RC Helicopters andbuilt by Cyber Technology in Western Australia. TheZealous 2 consists of a jet turbine engine poweringmain rotors spanning 2.1 m and is capable of lifting 15kg. The fixed wing plane known as a 'Super Hauler'is made from balsa wood, has a wing span of 3.6 mand is 3 m long. The plane was designed and builtby BTE Engineering in the USA and is capable oflifting 20 kg. The GPS/INS system provides aircraftposition, pitch, roll and yaw information allowing forrapid geo-registration of the imagery. This paper willdiscuss the challenges associated with developmentand integration of the components for mapping invasiveplants using unmanned aircrafts and the spectralcharacteristics of a number of target invasive species.

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KW - Open access version available

KW - Detection

KW - Fixed wing

KW - Helicopter

KW - Hyperspectral imaging

KW - Invasive plant

KW - UA

M3 - Conference paper

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EP - 107

BT - Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012)

A2 - Eldershaw, Valerie

PB - Weed Society of Victoria

CY - Melbourne

ER -

Dehaan R, Weston L, Rumbachs R. The design and the development of a hyperspectral unmanned aircraft mapping system for the detection of invasive plants. In Eldershaw V, editor, Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Weeds Conference (2012): Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. Melbourne: Weed Society of Victoria. 2012. p. 103-107