The ecology of Egeria densa Planchon (Liliopsida: Alismatales): A wetland ecosystem engineer?

Matthew Yarrow, Victor H Marin, Colin Finlayson, Antonio Tironi, Luisa E Delgado, Fernanda Fischer

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    113 Citations (Scopus)
    161 Downloads (Pure)


    Egeria densa Planchon is considered an invasive species in continental aquatic systems in Chile. Its original geographical distribution was limited to the subtropical regions of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. Its fast growth and dense canopy-forming habit are associated with the clear water state of shallow water continental ecosystems. As a dominant species in many of the systems in which it occurs, E. densa behaves as an ecosystem engineer by preventing the re-suspension of sediments and controlling the growth of phytoplankton by removing nutrients from the water column. At the same time, this invasive species produces unwanted effects such as: (1) clogging waterways and hydroelectric turbines, (2) out-competing native vegetation, and(3) negatively affecting the sediment seed bank. Given its importance in the recent (2004) change of state ofthe Río Cruces wetland, Chile, we felt it appropriate to undertake a comprehensive literature review of this species. We conclude by discussing the role of E. densa as an ecosystem engineer while cautioning against the impression that E. densa is always a highly competitive invader.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)299-313
    Number of pages15
    JournalRevista Chilena de Historia Natural
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


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