The effect of custodial penalties on juvenile reoffending

Andrew McGrath, Don Weatherburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

This study uses propensity score matching to test the proposition that imprisonment deters future criminal activity among juvenile offenders. Using data from all court appearances of juveniles in the NSW Children's Court (Australia) between 2003 and 2004 (N'='6196), the reoffending of a group of young offenders sentenced to control (i.e. custodial) orders (N'='376) was compared to a matched group of offenders receiving community-based sanctions. No differences were observed between the two groups. The young offenders given detention orders had a slightly lower rate of reoffending, but this difference was not significant. The results of this study indicate that, over the time period examined in this study, the imposition of a custodial sentence had no effect on the risk of reoffending.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-44
Number of pages19
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

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title = "The effect of custodial penalties on juvenile reoffending",
abstract = "This study uses propensity score matching to test the proposition that imprisonment deters future criminal activity among juvenile offenders. Using data from all court appearances of juveniles in the NSW Children's Court (Australia) between 2003 and 2004 (N'='6196), the reoffending of a group of young offenders sentenced to control (i.e. custodial) orders (N'='376) was compared to a matched group of offenders receiving community-based sanctions. No differences were observed between the two groups. The young offenders given detention orders had a slightly lower rate of reoffending, but this difference was not significant. The results of this study indicate that, over the time period examined in this study, the imposition of a custodial sentence had no effect on the risk of reoffending.",
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The effect of custodial penalties on juvenile reoffending. / McGrath, Andrew; Weatherburn, Don.

In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol. 45, No. 1, 04.2012, p. 26-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - McGrath, Andrew

AU - Weatherburn, Don

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = April, 2012; Journal title (773t) = Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. ISSNs: 0004-8658;

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N2 - This study uses propensity score matching to test the proposition that imprisonment deters future criminal activity among juvenile offenders. Using data from all court appearances of juveniles in the NSW Children's Court (Australia) between 2003 and 2004 (N'='6196), the reoffending of a group of young offenders sentenced to control (i.e. custodial) orders (N'='376) was compared to a matched group of offenders receiving community-based sanctions. No differences were observed between the two groups. The young offenders given detention orders had a slightly lower rate of reoffending, but this difference was not significant. The results of this study indicate that, over the time period examined in this study, the imposition of a custodial sentence had no effect on the risk of reoffending.

AB - This study uses propensity score matching to test the proposition that imprisonment deters future criminal activity among juvenile offenders. Using data from all court appearances of juveniles in the NSW Children's Court (Australia) between 2003 and 2004 (N'='6196), the reoffending of a group of young offenders sentenced to control (i.e. custodial) orders (N'='376) was compared to a matched group of offenders receiving community-based sanctions. No differences were observed between the two groups. The young offenders given detention orders had a slightly lower rate of reoffending, but this difference was not significant. The results of this study indicate that, over the time period examined in this study, the imposition of a custodial sentence had no effect on the risk of reoffending.

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