This study compared the effects of compression garments on recovery of evoked and voluntary performance following fatiguing exercise.Eleven participants performed 2 sessions separated by 7 days, with and without lower-body compression garments during and 24 h postexercise.Participants performed a 10-min exercise protocol of a 20-m sprint and 10 plyometric bounds every minute. Before, following, 2 hand 24 h post-exercise, evoked twitch properties of the knee extensors, peak concentric knee extension and flexion force were assessed, with blood samples drawn to measure lactate [La'], pH, creatine kinase (CK), aspartate transaminase (AST) and c-reactive protein (C-RP). Heartrate, exertion (RPE) and muscle soreness (MS) measures were obtained pre- and post-exercise. No differences (P = 0.50'0.80) and smalleffect sizes (d < 0.3) were present for 20-m sprint (3.59±0.22 vs. 3.59±0.18 s) or bounding performance (17.13±1.4 vs. 17.21±1.7 m) in garment and control conditions. The decline and recovery in concentric force were not different (P = 0.40) between conditions. Full recoveryof voluntary performance was observed 2 h post-exercise, however, evoked twitch properties remained suppressed 2 h post-exercise in both conditions. No differences (P = 0.40'0.80, d < 0.3) were present between conditions for heart rate, RPE, [La'], pH, CK or C-RP. However,24 h post-exercise a smaller change (P = 0.08; d = 2.5) in AST (23.1±3.1 vs. 26.0±4.0) and reduced (P = 0.01; d = 1.1) MS (2.8±1.2 vs.4.5±1.4) were present in the garments. In conclusion the effects of compression garments on voluntary performance and recovery were minimal; however, reduced levels of perceived MS were reported following recovery in the garments.