The functional requirements for community information

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to consider the nature of community information (CI) and proposes a data model, based on the entity-relationship approach adopted in the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), which may assist with the development of future metadata standards for CI systems.
Design/methodology/approach: The two main data structure standards for CI, namely the element set developed by the Alliance of Information and Referral Systems (AIRS) and the MARC21 Format for CI, are compared by means of a mapping exercise, after which an entity-relationship data model is constructed, at a conceptual level, based on the definitions of CI found in the literature.
Findings: The AIRS and MARC21 data structures converge to a fair degree, with MARC21 providing for additional detail in several areas. However, neither structure is systematically and unambiguously defined, suggesting the need for a data model. An entity-relationship data modelling approach, similar to that taken in FRBR, yielded a model that could be used as the basis for future standards development and research. It was found to effectively cover both the AIRS and MARC21 element sets.
Originality/value: No explicit data model exists for CI, and there has been little discussion reported about what data elements are required to support CI seeking.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-102
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Documentation
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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