The gay games, safe spaces and the promotion of sport for all?

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

In the early 1980s, the creation of the Gay Games and other sporting events for gay and lesbian identified athletes offered an opportunity for such athletes to participate in sports, supposedly free from sexual discrimination. The Gay Games is based on participatory discourses whereby everyone who enters and is allowed to participate, regardless of age, sexuality, race or sporting ability. Notably, the Gay Games culture is often lauded by participants and this event provides a space for participants to compete and socialise and make new friends with like-minded people. Additionally, the Gay Games provides a ‘safe space’ for participants where they do not have to ‘manage’ their identity as gay or lesbian. This sub-culture is examined in this chapter by providing an analysis of the experiences of Australian lesbian-identified hockey and soccer players and their Gay Games participation. Alongside these women’s experiences, this chapter also provides a critique of the ‘accessibility’ of the Gay Games. This accessibility includes both cultural and financial critiques. The cost of entering events at the Gay Games are high; in fact, all participants must pay both a ‘base rate’ for entry into the Games and a cost per sport in which they participate. On top of this expense, the travel costs to attend the Games are substantial and often require international flights and accommodation. Consequently, a large percentage of participants at the Games are middle-class, middle-age to older athletes. Therefore, while the Games provide an affirming space for a number of gay and lesbian participants, a deeper critique of the Games uncovers that accessibility for all is not necessarily the case. In other words, these events are simultaneously inclusive and exclusive, especially in relation to class, sexuality and discrimination.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSport and physical activity across the lifespan
Subtitle of host publicationCritical perspectives
EditorsRylee A. Dionigi, Michael Gard
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Chapter13
Pages245-260
Number of pages16
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781137485625
ISBN (Print)9781137485618
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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  • Cite this

    Litchfield, C., & Osborne, J. (2018). The gay games, safe spaces and the promotion of sport for all? In R. A. Dionigi, & M. Gard (Eds.), Sport and physical activity across the lifespan: Critical perspectives (1st ed., pp. 245-260). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-48562-5_13