The healthy equine uterus harbors a distinct core microbiome plus a rich and diverse microbiome that varies with geographical location.

G. Reed Holyoak, H.U. Premathilake, Candace Lyman, Jennifer Sones, Allan Gunn, X. Wieneke, Udaya DeSilva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to understand the composition and existence of the resident uterine microbiome in healthy mares and to establish the presence of a core microbiome for the healthy equine uterus. We analyzed the microbiomes of 35 healthy mares that are long-time residents of three farms in Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Australia as well as that of 19 mares purchased from scattered
owners in the Southern Mid-Western states of the United States. Over 6 million paired-end reads of the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene were obtained resulting in 19,542 unique Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs). ASVs were assigned to 17 known phyla and 213 known genera. Most abundant genera across all animals were Pseudomonas (27%) followed by Lonsdalea (8%), Lactobacillus (7.5%),
Escherichia/Shigella (4.5%), and Prevotella (3%). Oklahoma and Louisiana samples were dominated by Pseudomonas (75%). Lonsdalea (28%) was the most abundant genus in the Australian samples but was not found in any other region. Microbial diversity, richness, and evenness of the equine uterine
microbiome is largely dependent on the geographical location of the animal. However, we observed a core uterine microbiome consisting of Lactobacillus, Escherichia/Shigella, Streptococcus, Blautia, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Peptoanaerobacter.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14790
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2022

Grant Number

  • OKL03192 (UD).

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