The history of organ transplantation goes back to ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, for example tooth transplantation was practised in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In the Islamic history, animal bones were transplanted into the human body, and this is discussed in classical fiqh sources such as al-Fatâwa’l-Hindiyya. This paper will explore the historical discussions of organ transplantations in the Islamic tradition from a juristic perspective. It will analyse how Muslims jurists approached this issue in the classical period and assess their fatwas (juristic opinions) in detail. The principles and guidelines such as protection of human life, human dignity and necessity will be considered in light of the jurists’ deductions to assess how they arrived at their legal opinions. It will explore the implications of their juristic opinions and their relevance to today’s discussions.
|Publication status||Published - 2018|