When a space vehicle such as a space shuttle or a re-entry capsule re-enters the atmosphere, the outside surface of the vehicle can reach up to 1650 oC. Therefore, space vehicles and their occupants need some type of thermal protection during re-entry. This also applies to other space vehicles such as satellites, orbital stations and interplanetary spacecraft. The heat transfer between the vehicle and atmosphere is very complex and includes a number of variables. Thermal protection is one of the central challenges in designing space vehicles that descend through an atmosphere onto a planet surface.
|Title of host publication||Physics first Australian and New Zealand Edition|
|Publisher||John Wiley & Sons, Ltd|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|