The impact of extension programs to increase the productivity of the small-holder dairyfarming industry of Pakistan

Peter Wynn, David McGill, Naveed Aslam, Muhammad Tufail, Sajid Latif, Muhammad Ishaq, Z Batool, Russell D. Bush, HMD Warriach, Sosheel Godfrey

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Dairy farming operations with small animal numbers producing low volumes of around three litres per animal per day predominate in Pakistan’s dairy industry. Although much of this is consumed domestically, many farmers sell small volumes into traditional milk marketing chains which feed the product into urban retail outlets. Analysis of these marketing chains show that these farmers make a loss on every litre sold, while at the other end milk available to the consumer is of poor quality and often diluted as much as 1:2 with water. Small incremental profit margins are achieved by dilution and the use of distorted volume measures as the product is passed from small dealers to larger distributors and then to retail outlets. It is important that farmers are able to improve the efficiency of production by boosting the productivity of animals. This can be achieved through the adoption of better nutrition and animal husbandry practices. At the same time small scale local marketing chains require
refinement to ensure profits generated from milk production stay with local communities. This paper reports on the development of effective extension strategies involving the whole family including the farmer, his wife and
children. They have led to significant improvements in the profitability of small-holder dairy farming and a growing awareness of farmers of the commercial potential for their household cows and buffalo. The sustainability of
these small-holder production systems in the face of changing consumer demands for higher quality products and world dairy product trade remains to be seen.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1008
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Animal Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2017


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