The implementation of public health and economic measures during the first wave of COVID-19 by different countries with respect to time, infection rate and death rate

Shahadat Uddin, Tasadduq Imam, Mohammad Ali Moni

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Since its first confirmed case in December 2019, the COVID-19 outbreak has continued to spread across countries at an alarming rate and resulted in governments worldwide implementing various public health and economic measures to contain the spread. This research studies the context of 227 countries concerning their implementation of ten public health and seven economic measures during the first wave of COVID-19 and reflects on the discrepancy in adopting these measures with respect to time, infection rate, death rate, and test rate. The results reveal that public health measures have been adopted more often and earlier than economic measures. The implementation of measures was mostly influenced by the infection rate. The analysis also finds considerable variances in adopting the measures across countries. Potentially such variances explain the large difference in COVID-19 related causalities across nations worldwide. This is further reflected in this article by considering the top ten countries that experienced a higher death toll. The article also explores Australia s notable success in controlling the spread and fatalities of COVID-19 during the first wave, and how it fared against the world regarding its implementation of various measures. Overall, this research highlights the high uncertainties governments encounter when facing a new pandemic and the need for global cooperation during such uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACSW' 21
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference 2021, ACSW 2021
EditorsNigel Stanger, Veronica Liesaputra Joachim, Brendon Woodford, Michael Winikoff, David Eyers, Daniel Alencar da Costa, Andrew Trotman
Place of PublicationNew York, US
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781450389563
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2021
Event2021 Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference, ACSW 2021 - Virtual, Online, New Zealand
Duration: 01 Feb 202105 Feb 2021 (Proceedings) (Front matter) (Program on Wayback Machine) (Conference website on Wayback Machine)

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference2021 Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference, ACSW 2021
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand
OtherWe invite you to join us for the 2021 Online Australasian Computer Science Week (ASCW).

ACSW is the premier event for Computer Science researchers across Australasia, organised under the governing auspices of Computing Research and Education (CORE) Association of Australasia.

ACSW consists of several conferences covering a wide range Computer Science topics. The annual conference is attended by many national and international delegates comprising HDR students, distinguished academics and Industry representatives from across Australasia in computer science.

In light of the ongoing circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic, in consultation with the local host organising committee and affiliated conference chairs, CORE has taken the decision for ACSW 2021 to be hosted online.

Many familiar aspects of ACSW will be carried forward for the online event, including opportunities to hear from reputable invited speakers, participate in the wonderful variety of specialist conferences ACSW is renowned for and engage with highly educational workshops.

More information regarding invited speakers and programmed events will be released via our new look ASCW website as planning proceeds.
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