The life tasks model: Enhancing psychological and spiritual growth in the aged

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The life tasks model is an active, mutual, and potentially universal approach to the spiritual care of the aged. A life task is a responsibility, once undertaken, that lasts a lifetime. Three tasks are identified. Task 1 is the discovery of hidden learning. The process of discovery draws on implicit learning that comes into awareness. This leads to task 2, testing in which learning brought into awareness is tested by other life experiences. The final task is task 3, integration, in which a more aware and cohesive self is formed. Ideally, this leads to service or vocation. Progress on the life tasks is illustrated by responses in a qualitative study of older adults. Although this model can be applied to self-growth and ministry to all ages, it is well suited to the care of the aged.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-11
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Religion, Spirituality and Aging
Issue number1
Early online dateSep 2017
Publication statusPublished - 02 Jan 2018


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