The mobility of the rice pesticides thiobencarb (S-[(4-chlorophenyl) methyl] diethylcarbamothioate) and fipronil ([5-amino-3-cyano-1-[2,6-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4-[(trifluoromethyl)sulfinyl]pyrazole) were investigated in the glasshouse under flooded conditions using two Australian rice-growing soils. When using leakage rates of 10 mm day'1, less than 20% of applied thiobencarb and fipronil remained in the water column after 10 days due to rapid transfer to the soil phase. Up to 70% and 65% of the applied thiobencarb and fipronil, respectively, were recovered from the 0'1 cm layer of soils. Only 5'7% of each pesticide was recovered from the 1'2 cm layer, and less than 2% was recovered from each 1 cm layer in the 2'10 cm region of the soils. Analysis of the water leaking from the base of the soil cores showed between 5'10% of the applied thiobencarb and between 10'20% of the applied fipronil leaching from the soil cores. The high levels of pesticide in the effluent was attributed to preferential flow of pesticide-laden water via soil macropores resulting from the wetting and drying process, worm holes and root channels.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|