The Relationships Between Sense of Belonging to the Gay Community, Body Image Dissatisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among Australian Gay Men

Pantea Kousari-Rad, Suzanne McLaren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of "belonging" to an appearance-oriented community is important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-943
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2013

Fingerprint

body image
Body Image
Self Concept
self-esteem
community
mediation
Men's Health
health professionals
Sexual Minorities
Psychology

Cite this

@article{5f9ec496c5094d248691b6cd06843eab,
title = "The Relationships Between Sense of Belonging to the Gay Community, Body Image Dissatisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among Australian Gay Men",
abstract = "Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of {"}belonging{"} to an appearance-oriented community is important.",
keywords = "belonging, depression, gay community, gay men",
author = "Pantea Kousari-Rad and Suzanne McLaren",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00918369.2013.774866",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "927--943",
journal = "Journal of Homosexuality",
issn = "0091-8369",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "6",

}

The Relationships Between Sense of Belonging to the Gay Community, Body Image Dissatisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among Australian Gay Men. / Kousari-Rad, Pantea; McLaren, Suzanne.

In: Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 60, No. 6, 01.06.2013, p. 927-943.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Relationships Between Sense of Belonging to the Gay Community, Body Image Dissatisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among Australian Gay Men

AU - Kousari-Rad, Pantea

AU - McLaren, Suzanne

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of "belonging" to an appearance-oriented community is important.

AB - Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of "belonging" to an appearance-oriented community is important.

KW - belonging

KW - depression

KW - gay community

KW - gay men

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878154186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878154186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00918369.2013.774866

DO - 10.1080/00918369.2013.774866

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 927

EP - 943

JO - Journal of Homosexuality

JF - Journal of Homosexuality

SN - 0091-8369

IS - 6

ER -