The role of personality variables in predicting attitudes toward people with intellectual disability

An Australian perspective

Sylvia Page, Mir Islam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Personality dimensions such as openness and agreeableness have been found to be associated with prejudice levels towards several minority groups. Yet these variables have been mostly ignored by existing research into attitudes towards people with intellectual disability (PWID), which has primarily focused on contact and demographic variables. The current study investigated the relationship between personality dimensions and attitudes toward PWID. Methods: An online survey was completed by 466 adult participants recruited through a variety of sources. The survey consisted of a well-validated attitude survey, the Big Five inventory, contact related and demographic questions. Results: The hypothesis that higher levels of the personality dimensions openness and agreeableness would be significantly associated with positive attitudes towards PWID was supported. However the effect was relatively weak and the strongest predicting factor of positive attitudes was increased quality of contact with PWID. More positive attitudes were also associated with females, more highly educated and younger participants. Conclusions: Results provide support for an integrated (including person and situational factors) theoretical approach to attitudes research in this field. Practically, results support programmes that stimulate and promote quality interactions between PWID and the wider community. © 2015 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)741-745
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
    Volume59
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

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    Intellectual Disability
    Personality
    Demography
    Minority Groups
    Developmental Disabilities
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    Cite this

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    title = "The role of personality variables in predicting attitudes toward people with intellectual disability: An Australian perspective",
    abstract = "Background: Personality dimensions such as openness and agreeableness have been found to be associated with prejudice levels towards several minority groups. Yet these variables have been mostly ignored by existing research into attitudes towards people with intellectual disability (PWID), which has primarily focused on contact and demographic variables. The current study investigated the relationship between personality dimensions and attitudes toward PWID. Methods: An online survey was completed by 466 adult participants recruited through a variety of sources. The survey consisted of a well-validated attitude survey, the Big Five inventory, contact related and demographic questions. Results: The hypothesis that higher levels of the personality dimensions openness and agreeableness would be significantly associated with positive attitudes towards PWID was supported. However the effect was relatively weak and the strongest predicting factor of positive attitudes was increased quality of contact with PWID. More positive attitudes were also associated with females, more highly educated and younger participants. Conclusions: Results provide support for an integrated (including person and situational factors) theoretical approach to attitudes research in this field. Practically, results support programmes that stimulate and promote quality interactions between PWID and the wider community. {\^A}{\circledC} 2015 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
    keywords = "Attitudes, Big Five inventory, Contact, Intellectual disability, Personality",
    author = "Sylvia Page and Mir Islam",
    note = "Includes bibliographical references.",
    year = "2015",
    month = "8",
    doi = "10.1111/jir.12180",
    language = "English",
    volume = "59",
    pages = "741--745",
    journal = "Journal of Mental Deficiency Research",
    issn = "0964-2633",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "8",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The role of personality variables in predicting attitudes toward people with intellectual disability

    T2 - An Australian perspective

    AU - Page, Sylvia

    AU - Islam, Mir

    N1 - Includes bibliographical references.

    PY - 2015/8

    Y1 - 2015/8

    N2 - Background: Personality dimensions such as openness and agreeableness have been found to be associated with prejudice levels towards several minority groups. Yet these variables have been mostly ignored by existing research into attitudes towards people with intellectual disability (PWID), which has primarily focused on contact and demographic variables. The current study investigated the relationship between personality dimensions and attitudes toward PWID. Methods: An online survey was completed by 466 adult participants recruited through a variety of sources. The survey consisted of a well-validated attitude survey, the Big Five inventory, contact related and demographic questions. Results: The hypothesis that higher levels of the personality dimensions openness and agreeableness would be significantly associated with positive attitudes towards PWID was supported. However the effect was relatively weak and the strongest predicting factor of positive attitudes was increased quality of contact with PWID. More positive attitudes were also associated with females, more highly educated and younger participants. Conclusions: Results provide support for an integrated (including person and situational factors) theoretical approach to attitudes research in this field. Practically, results support programmes that stimulate and promote quality interactions between PWID and the wider community. © 2015 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    AB - Background: Personality dimensions such as openness and agreeableness have been found to be associated with prejudice levels towards several minority groups. Yet these variables have been mostly ignored by existing research into attitudes towards people with intellectual disability (PWID), which has primarily focused on contact and demographic variables. The current study investigated the relationship between personality dimensions and attitudes toward PWID. Methods: An online survey was completed by 466 adult participants recruited through a variety of sources. The survey consisted of a well-validated attitude survey, the Big Five inventory, contact related and demographic questions. Results: The hypothesis that higher levels of the personality dimensions openness and agreeableness would be significantly associated with positive attitudes towards PWID was supported. However the effect was relatively weak and the strongest predicting factor of positive attitudes was increased quality of contact with PWID. More positive attitudes were also associated with females, more highly educated and younger participants. Conclusions: Results provide support for an integrated (including person and situational factors) theoretical approach to attitudes research in this field. Practically, results support programmes that stimulate and promote quality interactions between PWID and the wider community. © 2015 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    KW - Attitudes

    KW - Big Five inventory

    KW - Contact

    KW - Intellectual disability

    KW - Personality

    U2 - 10.1111/jir.12180

    DO - 10.1111/jir.12180

    M3 - Article

    VL - 59

    SP - 741

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    JO - Journal of Mental Deficiency Research

    JF - Journal of Mental Deficiency Research

    SN - 0964-2633

    IS - 8

    ER -