The role of universities in shaping regional agglomeration: case studies in the Australian setting

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Abstract

Agglomeration is a core characteristic of regional innovation systems. This study explores the role of universities in fostering regional agglomeration, with reference to the Australian context. Drawing on the triple helix model of university–industry–government relations and the literature on university engagement, the study considers generative and developmental roles that universities perform in fostering agglomeration in proximate regional spaces and possible explanations of variation in the roles performed by three universities located in different regional settings. The study found that universities perform a largely developmental role with limited evidence of a generative role in animating regional systems. Variation in the roles performed by the universities studied is explained by a number of factors, including the orientation of university managers to regional engagement, the history of university–region linkages, the nature of regional industry bases, the complementarity of expertise between the university and the regional industry base, the role of champions and political and economic factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages525-539
Number of pages15
Volume4
No.4
Specialist publicationInternational Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2005

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agglomeration area
university
industry
political factors
economic factors
expertise
manager
innovation
history
evidence

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title = "The role of universities in shaping regional agglomeration: case studies in the Australian setting",
abstract = "Agglomeration is a core characteristic of regional innovation systems. This study explores the role of universities in fostering regional agglomeration, with reference to the Australian context. Drawing on the triple helix model of university–industry–government relations and the literature on university engagement, the study considers generative and developmental roles that universities perform in fostering agglomeration in proximate regional spaces and possible explanations of variation in the roles performed by three universities located in different regional settings. The study found that universities perform a largely developmental role with limited evidence of a generative role in animating regional systems. Variation in the roles performed by the universities studied is explained by a number of factors, including the orientation of university managers to regional engagement, the history of university–region linkages, the nature of regional industry bases, the complementarity of expertise between the university and the regional industry base, the role of champions and political and economic factors.",
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AB - Agglomeration is a core characteristic of regional innovation systems. This study explores the role of universities in fostering regional agglomeration, with reference to the Australian context. Drawing on the triple helix model of university–industry–government relations and the literature on university engagement, the study considers generative and developmental roles that universities perform in fostering agglomeration in proximate regional spaces and possible explanations of variation in the roles performed by three universities located in different regional settings. The study found that universities perform a largely developmental role with limited evidence of a generative role in animating regional systems. Variation in the roles performed by the universities studied is explained by a number of factors, including the orientation of university managers to regional engagement, the history of university–region linkages, the nature of regional industry bases, the complementarity of expertise between the university and the regional industry base, the role of champions and political and economic factors.

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