The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition: Implications for the International REDD Policy

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

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Abstract

International attention is focussed on ways to reduce deforestation because of the emerging concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss. However the underlying causes of deforestation are rooted in current economic and development paradigms. This chapter looks at the reasons why deforestation occurs and its environmental aspects with respect to the level of economic development and climate change. To explore the impact of economic development on deforestation, the changing pattern of forest transition, i.e. an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) relationship for deforestation, should be detailed. The forest transition patterns could assist in directing the goal of international Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) policies. While addressing some common methodological issues of the cross country studies, this chapter therefore examines the relationship between deforestation and economic growth, conditional on the main underlying causes of deforestation for developing countries. The results, based on panel data analyses, show that forest sector policies and population density could increase deforestation, while some macroeconomic policies, if associated with technological progress, could decrease deforestation. An inverted U-shaped EKC empirically fits for Latin American and African countries, while a U-shaped EKC does the same for Asian countries. The estimates and the shapes of EKC for the three regions of developing countries could, in particular, direct designing the specific goals of international REDD policies for those regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Environmental Research
EditorsJustin A Daniels
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Chapter3
Pages73-93
Number of pages21
Volume7
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9781617287749
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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deforestation
Kuznets curve
economic development
developing world
policy
panel data
macroeconomics
economic growth
population density
greenhouse gas
biodiversity
climate change
economics

Cite this

Culas, R. (2011). The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition: Implications for the International REDD Policy. In J. A. Daniels (Ed.), Advances in Environmental Research (1 ed., Vol. 7, pp. 73-93). New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Culas, Richard. / The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition : Implications for the International REDD Policy. Advances in Environmental Research. editor / Justin A Daniels. Vol. 7 1. ed. New York : Nova Science Publishers, 2011. pp. 73-93
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Culas, R 2011, The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition: Implications for the International REDD Policy. in JA Daniels (ed.), Advances in Environmental Research. 1 edn, vol. 7, Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 73-93.

The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition : Implications for the International REDD Policy. / Culas, Richard.

Advances in Environmental Research. ed. / Justin A Daniels. Vol. 7 1. ed. New York : Nova Science Publishers, 2011. p. 73-93.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

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AB - International attention is focussed on ways to reduce deforestation because of the emerging concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss. However the underlying causes of deforestation are rooted in current economic and development paradigms. This chapter looks at the reasons why deforestation occurs and its environmental aspects with respect to the level of economic development and climate change. To explore the impact of economic development on deforestation, the changing pattern of forest transition, i.e. an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) relationship for deforestation, should be detailed. The forest transition patterns could assist in directing the goal of international Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) policies. While addressing some common methodological issues of the cross country studies, this chapter therefore examines the relationship between deforestation and economic growth, conditional on the main underlying causes of deforestation for developing countries. The results, based on panel data analyses, show that forest sector policies and population density could increase deforestation, while some macroeconomic policies, if associated with technological progress, could decrease deforestation. An inverted U-shaped EKC empirically fits for Latin American and African countries, while a U-shaped EKC does the same for Asian countries. The estimates and the shapes of EKC for the three regions of developing countries could, in particular, direct designing the specific goals of international REDD policies for those regions.

KW - Open access version available

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BT - Advances in Environmental Research

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PB - Nova Science Publishers

CY - New York

ER -

Culas R. The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and the Patterns of Forest Transition: Implications for the International REDD Policy. In Daniels JA, editor, Advances in Environmental Research. 1 ed. Vol. 7. New York: Nova Science Publishers. 2011. p. 73-93