The use of vertical electrical sounding resistivity method for the location of low salinity groundwater for irrigation in Chaj and Rachna Doabs

Pervaiz Sikandar, Allah Bakhsh, Muhammad Arshad, Tariq Rana

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    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A geoelectrical resistivity survey using vertical electrical sounding (VES) was conducted at Chaj Doab (land between rivers Jhelum and Chenab, Pakistan) and Rachna Doab (land between rivers Chenab and Ravi, Pakistan), with the objective of investigating groundwater conditions. A total of 90 sites were selected with 43 sites in Chaj and 47 sites in Rachna Doabs. The resistivity meter (ABEM Terrameter SAS 4000, Sweden) was used to collect the VES data by employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, with half current electrode spacings (AB/2) ranging from 2 to 180 m and the potential electrode (MN) from 1 to 40 m. The field data were interpreted using the Interpex IX1D computer software and the resistivity versus depth models for each location was estimated. The outputs of subsurface layers with resistivities and thickness presented in contour maps and 3-D views by using SURFER software were created. A total of 102 groundwater samples from nearby hydrowells at different depths were collected to develop a correlation between the aquifer resistivity of VES and the electrical conductivity (EC) of the groundwater and to confirm the resulted geophysical resistivity models. From the correlation developed, it was observed that the groundwater salinity in the aquifer may be considered low and so safe for irrigation if resistivity >45 ' m, and marginally fit for irrigation having resistivity between 25 and 45 ' m. The study area has resistivities from 3.9 to 2,222 ' m at the top of the unsaturated layer, between 1.21 and 171 ' m, in the shallow aquifers, and 0.14-152 ' m in the deep aquifers of the study area. The results indicate that the quality of groundwater is better near the rivers and in the shallow layers compared to the deep layers. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1113-1129
    Number of pages17
    JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
    Volume60
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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