Theodicy and Animal Suffering in Darwin's World

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    The suffering of animals is a necessary concommitant of evolutionary theory and represents a dimension of the problem of evil with which Christian theodicy struggles. The paper argues a threefold compound theodicy based on 1. the inseparability of today's rich spectrum of evolved life, including humanity, from the long natural process that was necessary for its emergence; 2. God's share in the pain and suffering of natural life through the incarnation and passion of Jesus, as it were taking responsibility for the world God creates; and 3. the countervailing blessing of a 'heaven for animals' which redresses their suffering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-51
    Number of pages9
    JournalSt. Mark's review: A journal of Christian thought and opinion
    Issue number211
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010


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