Topical and dietary toxicity of emamectin benzoate, chlorantraniliprole, cyantraniliprole and indoxacarb to larvae of the common armyworm Mythimna convecta (Lepidoptera Noctuidae)

Mark M. Stevens, Glen N. Warren, Jianhua Mo

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The common armyworm Mythimna convecta is an important pest of pastures and graminaceous crops in Australia, but materials currently registered for its control are limited to broad-spectrum compounds incompatible with integrated pest management (IPM) systems. In this study we assessed the response of M. convecta larvae to four alternative compounds using topical and dietary bioassays.
    RESULTS: Emamectin benzoate [LC50 (lethal concentration for 50% of insects tested) values 2.69 μg mL−1 topical, 0.017 μg active ingredient (AI) g−1 dietary] and chlorantraniliprole (LC50 values 4.87 μg mL−1 topical, 0.080 μg AI g−1 dietary) were significantly more active than either indoxacarb or cyantraniliprole. Our results showed strong parallels with data on the more extensively studied Australian strains of Helicoverpa armigera, with the most notable differences being the higher contact toxicity of emamectin benzoate to M. convecta and the lower acute dietary activity of formulated cyantraniliprole to this species, which was linked to feeding deterrence. Cyantraniliprole at dietary concentrations of ≥0.02 μg AI g−1 significantly reduced the weight of surviving larvae and frass production (an indirect measure of food consumption) over the seven-day exposure period. There was also some evidence of chlorantraniliprole deterring larval feeding, although to a much more limited extent.
    CONCLUSIONS: Both emamectin benzoate and chlorantraniliprole are suitable for use against M. convecta. The decision as to which of these compounds should be prioritized for further development should be based on their potential effects on beneficial species once their optimal field rates have been determined.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-8
    Number of pages8
    JournalPest Management Science
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Nov 2021

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