Trade Liberalisation and Structural Change in the Australian Motor Vehicle Industry

Lionel Bopage

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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The Australian automotive industry has moved from a high protection environment to an increasingly open and competitive environment. This process of liberalisation has posed many challenges and opportunities to the industry. The industry outcomes have been heavily influenced by the protective policy calculus implemented by successive governments. Between 1983 and 1996, the industry went through major structural changes, fuelled by substantial tariff reductions, with an aim of improving industry competitiveness and making its orientation more outward.The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of trade liberalisation on the competitiveness and trade performance of the Australian automotive industry. We do this using data from the motor vehicle and motor vehicle part manufacturing sector (ANZSIC 231) and the motor vehicle manufacturing sub-sector (ANZSIC 2311), given the limited automotive data in the consistent format.Our analysis indicates that since the introduction of reform in 1985, the Australian automotive industry is being increasingly rationalised and integrated creating profound changes in the relationships within. While the industry appears to have made some gains in terms of improved competitiveness and improved trade orientation, it continues to face several problems, such as increased competition and skill shortages. Improved productivity and export performance seem to have come from greater competition, and an increased access to large external market and superior technology brought about by foreign companies.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Business Administration
Awarding Institution
  • Charles Sturt University
  • Sharma, Kishor, Principal Supervisor
  • O'Neill, Grant, Co-Supervisor
Award date30 Jun 2010
Place of PublicationAustralia
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


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