Transcriptional repression of the RET proto-oncogene by a mitogen activated protein kinase-dependent signalling pathway.

Scott Andrew, Amanda Capes-Davis, Patric J Delhanty, Deborah J Marsh, Lois M Mulligan, Bruce G Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transcription factors play important roles in regulating cell growth and differentiation. In this study, treatment of the MTC cell line, TT, with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was shown to reduce neurite outgrowth which may be associated with de-differentiation and loss of the transformed phenotype. Northern blotting revealed that PMA transiently induced early growth response gene 1 (Egr-1) expression and decreased RET expression. Transient transfection analyses using 5'-deletion constructs of the basal RET promoter, demonstrated the requirement of a region between '70 and '33 bp for PMA-inducible expression. Gel shift and supershift studies demonstrated that PMA induced Egr-1 formed part of a complex capable of binding to the RET minimal promoter. Overexpression of Egr-1 displaced both sephacryl and phosphocellulose protein 1 (Sp1) and Sp3 from a GC-box element previously found to be important for RET basal expression. Furthermore, use of a raf-1 inducible TT cell line, that has been previously shown to downregulate RET expression, revealed that this downregulation may be linked to the induction of Egr-1. Our data suggest that regulation of RET expression during development and in medullary thyroid carcinoma may be determined, at least in part, by this complex of Sp and Egr-1 proteins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-19
Number of pages11
JournalGene
Volume298
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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