Transformational and narcissist leaders: Their different behaviors in different contexts

Chris J. Jackson, Jonathan Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Transformational and narcissist leaders are both typified as charismatic, yet little is known about how contextual factors moderate their workplace behavior. Drawing on Weber's classic theory of charismatic authority, this experimental study (n = 385 managers) used scenarios to investigate how job security and accountability moderated transformational leadership and narcissism of leaders in the prediction of intended charismatic rhetoric and risk-taking. In support of Weber's theory, transformational leaders intended to take risks in low job security and low accountability. In contrast, narcissist leaders intended to take risks in high job security and high accountability. Both transformational and narcissist leaders intended to engage in charismatic rhetoric across all contexts. It is concluded that intentions to engage in risk-taking in different contexts will differentiate the transformational leader from the narcissist leader. Selection implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111579
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date04 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


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