Transhumant Pastoralism in the Context of Socioeconomic and Climate Change in the Mountains of Nepal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
85 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This research explored how transhumant pastoralism has been sustained and promoted in the context of socioeconomic and climate change in the mountain regions of Nepal. Based on case study research conducted in Nepal's western mountains, the status, opportunities, and constraints of transhumant pastoralism in the changing context were analyzed. We found that indigenous and traditional knowledge, feelings of cultural identity, collective ownership, income, and mutual benefits have acted as motivating factors in sustaining transhumant pastoralism for generations. The continuation of this practice is threatened by the following challenges: the impacts of climate change on mountain ecosystems, socioeconomic changes, market influence on livelihood decisions, youth migration and labor shortage, low motivation of local people to engage in livestock rearing, and conflicts between herder and nonherder communities and institutions, as well as inadequate policy support and institutional arrangements. We conclude that unless there are positive policy and institutional arrangements to support transhumant pastoralism, the age-old practice will disappear.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalMountain Research and Development
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

pastoralism
socioeconomic development
Nepal
Climate change
climate change
mountain region
mountain
cultural identity
Ecosystems
Agriculture
livelihood
shortage
Personnel
migration
labor
income
indigenous knowledge
traditional knowledge
market
rearing

Cite this

@article{a6f37d6c502642bdadd4f46c71ab8a0d,
title = "Transhumant Pastoralism in the Context of Socioeconomic and Climate Change in the Mountains of Nepal",
abstract = "This research explored how transhumant pastoralism has been sustained and promoted in the context of socioeconomic and climate change in the mountain regions of Nepal. Based on case study research conducted in Nepal's western mountains, the status, opportunities, and constraints of transhumant pastoralism in the changing context were analyzed. We found that indigenous and traditional knowledge, feelings of cultural identity, collective ownership, income, and mutual benefits have acted as motivating factors in sustaining transhumant pastoralism for generations. The continuation of this practice is threatened by the following challenges: the impacts of climate change on mountain ecosystems, socioeconomic changes, market influence on livelihood decisions, youth migration and labor shortage, low motivation of local people to engage in livestock rearing, and conflicts between herder and nonherder communities and institutions, as well as inadequate policy support and institutional arrangements. We conclude that unless there are positive policy and institutional arrangements to support transhumant pastoralism, the age-old practice will disappear.",
author = "Popular Gentle and Richard Thwaites",
note = "Imported on 16 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Switzerland: International Mountain Society, 2016. Volume no. (773r) = 36; Issue no. (773s) = 2; Parent title (773t) = Mountain Research and Development. ISSNs: 1994-7151;",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00011.1",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "173--182",
journal = "Mountain Research and Development",
issn = "0276-4741",
publisher = "International Mountain Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transhumant Pastoralism in the Context of Socioeconomic and Climate Change in the Mountains of Nepal

AU - Gentle, Popular

AU - Thwaites, Richard

N1 - Imported on 16 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Switzerland: International Mountain Society, 2016. Volume no. (773r) = 36; Issue no. (773s) = 2; Parent title (773t) = Mountain Research and Development. ISSNs: 1994-7151;

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This research explored how transhumant pastoralism has been sustained and promoted in the context of socioeconomic and climate change in the mountain regions of Nepal. Based on case study research conducted in Nepal's western mountains, the status, opportunities, and constraints of transhumant pastoralism in the changing context were analyzed. We found that indigenous and traditional knowledge, feelings of cultural identity, collective ownership, income, and mutual benefits have acted as motivating factors in sustaining transhumant pastoralism for generations. The continuation of this practice is threatened by the following challenges: the impacts of climate change on mountain ecosystems, socioeconomic changes, market influence on livelihood decisions, youth migration and labor shortage, low motivation of local people to engage in livestock rearing, and conflicts between herder and nonherder communities and institutions, as well as inadequate policy support and institutional arrangements. We conclude that unless there are positive policy and institutional arrangements to support transhumant pastoralism, the age-old practice will disappear.

AB - This research explored how transhumant pastoralism has been sustained and promoted in the context of socioeconomic and climate change in the mountain regions of Nepal. Based on case study research conducted in Nepal's western mountains, the status, opportunities, and constraints of transhumant pastoralism in the changing context were analyzed. We found that indigenous and traditional knowledge, feelings of cultural identity, collective ownership, income, and mutual benefits have acted as motivating factors in sustaining transhumant pastoralism for generations. The continuation of this practice is threatened by the following challenges: the impacts of climate change on mountain ecosystems, socioeconomic changes, market influence on livelihood decisions, youth migration and labor shortage, low motivation of local people to engage in livestock rearing, and conflicts between herder and nonherder communities and institutions, as well as inadequate policy support and institutional arrangements. We conclude that unless there are positive policy and institutional arrangements to support transhumant pastoralism, the age-old practice will disappear.

U2 - 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00011.1

DO - 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00011.1

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 173

EP - 182

JO - Mountain Research and Development

JF - Mountain Research and Development

SN - 0276-4741

IS - 2

ER -