Trauma exposure and reactions in journalists: A systematic literature review

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation only

Abstract

The present systematic literature review (SLR) aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to journalists’ exposure and reactions to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Journalists frequently cover stories relating to fatal car accidents, crime, murder, suicide, natural disasters, and various other forms of violence and tragedy within society. Journalists’ exposure to PTEs, high levels of job stress, and anecdotal reports within the industry seem to suggest that journalists are at risk of developing adverse trauma reactions. Such a SLR has not been conducted in this area before. Method: The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results: First, journalists’ exposure to PTEs is discussed. This includes consideration of both work-related and personal exposure to trauma. In addition, stalking victimisation of journalists is considered and tends to overlap both the work and personal domains. Second, possible trauma reactions are examined, including journalists’ prevalence and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, stress, and general psychological distress. A range of variables that have been shown to predict adverse trauma reactions in journalists are also elucidated and explored. Conclusions: Understanding the kinds of PTEs journalists are exposed to as well as the trends in trauma reactions is the first step in developing procedures and support structures to safeguard individuals against adverse trauma reactions. Such findings can also be used to inform practice and policy in the international journalism industry. This SLR raises a number of methodological and theoretical issues to be explored and addressed in future research.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventDangerous Journalism: Conference to mark 40th anniversary of the Journalism Education and Research Association of Australia (JERAA) - Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia
Duration: 30 Nov 201502 Dec 2015
http://www.jeraa.org.au/2018-jeraa-conference/267/
http://www.jeraa.org.au/file/file/JERAA2015finalandanstracts(5).pdf (conference program)

Conference

ConferenceDangerous Journalism
CountryAustralia
CityBathurst
Period30/11/1502/12/15
OtherThe 2015 JERAA Conference, held at Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, considered the theme Dangerous Journalism: as journalism seeks to define itself within the information milieu, it can be increasingly associated with danger. Whether in unstable political environments, hostile legal environments or through financial risk, journalism is re-emerging as a practice that is defined by the threats that shape its substance. Conversely, journalism must continue to distinguish itself from bias, including the menace of what is termed ‘brand journalism’ and such other trends as ‘native advertising’.
Internet address

Fingerprint

Wounds and Injuries
Industry
Journalism
Stalking
Crime Victims
Homicide
Disasters
Crime
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Psychological Stress
Violence
Suicide
Accidents
Depression

Cite this

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title = "Trauma exposure and reactions in journalists: A systematic literature review",
abstract = "The present systematic literature review (SLR) aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to journalists’ exposure and reactions to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Journalists frequently cover stories relating to fatal car accidents, crime, murder, suicide, natural disasters, and various other forms of violence and tragedy within society. Journalists’ exposure to PTEs, high levels of job stress, and anecdotal reports within the industry seem to suggest that journalists are at risk of developing adverse trauma reactions. Such a SLR has not been conducted in this area before. Method: The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results: First, journalists’ exposure to PTEs is discussed. This includes consideration of both work-related and personal exposure to trauma. In addition, stalking victimisation of journalists is considered and tends to overlap both the work and personal domains. Second, possible trauma reactions are examined, including journalists’ prevalence and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, stress, and general psychological distress. A range of variables that have been shown to predict adverse trauma reactions in journalists are also elucidated and explored. Conclusions: Understanding the kinds of PTEs journalists are exposed to as well as the trends in trauma reactions is the first step in developing procedures and support structures to safeguard individuals against adverse trauma reactions. Such findings can also be used to inform practice and policy in the international journalism industry. This SLR raises a number of methodological and theoretical issues to be explored and addressed in future research.",
keywords = "journalism, trauma, work-related exposure, PTSD, depression, stress, personal exposure, stalking",
author = "Jasmine MacDonald and Gene Hodgins and Anthony Saliba",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
note = "Dangerous Journalism : Conference to mark 40th anniversary of the Journalism Education and Research Association of Australia (JERAA) ; Conference date: 30-11-2015 Through 02-12-2015",
url = "http://www.jeraa.org.au/2018-jeraa-conference/267/, http://www.jeraa.org.au/file/file/JERAA2015finalandanstracts(5).pdf",

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MacDonald, J, Hodgins, G & Saliba, A 2015, 'Trauma exposure and reactions in journalists: A systematic literature review' Paper presented at Dangerous Journalism, Bathurst, Australia, 30/11/15 - 02/12/15, .

Trauma exposure and reactions in journalists: A systematic literature review. / MacDonald, Jasmine; Hodgins, Gene; Saliba, Anthony.

2015. Paper presented at Dangerous Journalism, Bathurst, Australia.

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation only

TY - CONF

T1 - Trauma exposure and reactions in journalists: A systematic literature review

AU - MacDonald, Jasmine

AU - Hodgins, Gene

AU - Saliba, Anthony

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The present systematic literature review (SLR) aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to journalists’ exposure and reactions to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Journalists frequently cover stories relating to fatal car accidents, crime, murder, suicide, natural disasters, and various other forms of violence and tragedy within society. Journalists’ exposure to PTEs, high levels of job stress, and anecdotal reports within the industry seem to suggest that journalists are at risk of developing adverse trauma reactions. Such a SLR has not been conducted in this area before. Method: The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results: First, journalists’ exposure to PTEs is discussed. This includes consideration of both work-related and personal exposure to trauma. In addition, stalking victimisation of journalists is considered and tends to overlap both the work and personal domains. Second, possible trauma reactions are examined, including journalists’ prevalence and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, stress, and general psychological distress. A range of variables that have been shown to predict adverse trauma reactions in journalists are also elucidated and explored. Conclusions: Understanding the kinds of PTEs journalists are exposed to as well as the trends in trauma reactions is the first step in developing procedures and support structures to safeguard individuals against adverse trauma reactions. Such findings can also be used to inform practice and policy in the international journalism industry. This SLR raises a number of methodological and theoretical issues to be explored and addressed in future research.

AB - The present systematic literature review (SLR) aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to journalists’ exposure and reactions to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Journalists frequently cover stories relating to fatal car accidents, crime, murder, suicide, natural disasters, and various other forms of violence and tragedy within society. Journalists’ exposure to PTEs, high levels of job stress, and anecdotal reports within the industry seem to suggest that journalists are at risk of developing adverse trauma reactions. Such a SLR has not been conducted in this area before. Method: The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results: First, journalists’ exposure to PTEs is discussed. This includes consideration of both work-related and personal exposure to trauma. In addition, stalking victimisation of journalists is considered and tends to overlap both the work and personal domains. Second, possible trauma reactions are examined, including journalists’ prevalence and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, stress, and general psychological distress. A range of variables that have been shown to predict adverse trauma reactions in journalists are also elucidated and explored. Conclusions: Understanding the kinds of PTEs journalists are exposed to as well as the trends in trauma reactions is the first step in developing procedures and support structures to safeguard individuals against adverse trauma reactions. Such findings can also be used to inform practice and policy in the international journalism industry. This SLR raises a number of methodological and theoretical issues to be explored and addressed in future research.

KW - journalism

KW - trauma

KW - work-related exposure

KW - PTSD

KW - depression

KW - stress

KW - personal exposure

KW - stalking

M3 - Presentation only

ER -