Trends and factors associated with the utilisation of antenatal care services during the Millennium Development Goals era in Tanzania

Abdon Gregory Rwabilimbo, Kedir Y. Ahmed, Andrew Page, Felix Akpojene Ogbo

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A detailed understanding of trends, as well as what act as enablers and/or barriers to the utilisation of antenatal care (ANC) among Tanzanian women, is essential to policymakers and health practitioners to guide maternal health efforts. We investigated the trends and factors associated with ANC service use during the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) era in Tanzania between 1999 and 2016. Methods: The study used the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS) data for the years 1999 (n = 2095), 2004-2005 (n = 5576), 2010 (n = 6903) and 2015-2016 (n = 5392). Multivariate multinomial logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between predisposing, enabling, need and community-level factors and frequency of ANC (1-3 and = 4) visits in Tanzania. Results: The proportion of women who made one to three ANC visits improved significantly from 26.4% in 1999 to 47.0% in 2016. The percentage of women who make four or more ANC visits declined from 71.1% in 1999 to 51.0% in 2016. Higher maternal education, belonging to wealthier households, being informally employed and listening to the radio were associated with four or more ANC visits. Women who did not desire pregnancy had a lower likelihood to attend four or more ANC visits. Women who had primary or higher education, those who resided in wealthier households and those who were informally employed were more likely to make between one and three ANC visits. Conclusion: The study showed that there was an improvement in the proportion of Tanzanian women who made one to three ANC visits, but it also indicated a concurrent decrease in the prevalence of four or more ANC visits. Improving uptake of ANC among Tanzanian women is achievable if national health policies and programmes also focus on key amenable maternal factors of education, household wealth and employment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Number of pages16
JournalTropical Medicine and Health
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Jun 2020

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