Understanding how general practice nurses support adult lifestyle risk reduction: An integrative review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract


Aim: To review the literature exploring how general practice nurses support lifestyle risk reduction.
Design: Integrative literature review.
Sources: CINAHL, Emcare, MEDLINE, Proquest, and Scopus were searched for peer-reviewed primary research published in English from 2010 –2022.
Methods: Sixteen papers met the inclusion criteria and were assessed for methodological quality using a Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Findings were extracted and thematically analysed.
Results: Four themes described general practice nurses: (1) Establishing relational connections; (2) Empowering active participation; (3) Engaging mutual motivation; and (4) Enabling confident action. General practice nurses used complex interpersonal, risk communication, and health coaching skills to build collaborative partnerships that supported patients’ self-determination and self-efficacy. While mutual motivation and confidence were reciprocally enabling, gaps in skills, experience and knowledge plus time, resource and role constraints limited nurses’ ability to support lifestyle risk reduction.
Conclusion: General practice nurses played a key role in lifestyle risk reduction. Ongoing education, funding, organisational and professional supports are needed to enhance their commitment, confidence and capacity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Jun 2022

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