Unilateral exophthalmos in two rabbits due to retrobulbar larval tapeworm cysts

Melinda Cowan, Alex Rosenwax, Tegan Stephens, Daniella Hsu, Shane Raidal

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper


Exophthalmous due to disease within the retrobulbar space is not an uncommon presentation in rabbits. A 5 year old male mixed breed rabbit and a 3 year old female lop-eared rabbit were presented to separate clinics in Sydney, Australia
with unilateral exophthalmous. The affected globes were normal on ophthalmological examination. CT scan performed in one case documented a large, diffuse area of fluid density within the left retrobulbar space. Surgical exploration of the area in both cases revealed a large cystic structure and remnants of a tapeworm larvae. The rabbits returned to normal function soon after surgery. This case highlights the importance of diagnostic modalities for disease of the retrobulbar space in rabbits. It is advised to consider this unusual infection when presented with retrobulbar disease in pet rabbits, even those from an urban environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCombined Unusual and Exotics Pet Veterinary Association, Association of Avian Veterinarians Australasia Chapter Annual Conference
EditorsGarry Cross
PublisherAssociation of Avian Veterinarians, Australasian Committee (AAVAC)
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
EventAustralian Veterinary Association-Unusual Pets and Avian Veterinarians Conference 2018: AVA-UPAV Conference - InterContinental Hotel, Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 25 Nov 201828 Nov 2018


ConferenceAustralian Veterinary Association-Unusual Pets and Avian Veterinarians Conference 2018
Internet address


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