Universal institutional delivery among mothers in a remote mountain district of Nepal: what are the challenges?

D Joshi, S C Baral, S Giri, A M V Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Setting: Eight village development committees of Mugu District, a remote mountainous district of Nepal that has poor maternal health indicators. Objectives: 1) To assess the proportion of mothers who delivered in health facilities (institutional delivery); 2) among mothers who delivered at home, to understand their reasons for doing so; and 3) among mothers who delivered in health facilities, to understand their challenges. Design: Cross-sectional study involving semi-structured interviews with mothers conducted in 2015. Results: Of 275 mothers, 97 (35%) had an institutional delivery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that women who resided within 1 h distance from the birthing centre, had adequate mass media exposure or had only one child were more likely to deliver in hospital. Reasons for non-institutional delivery (n = 178) were related to geographical access (49%), personal preferences (18%) and perceived poor quality care (4%). Mothers who accessed institutional delivery (n = 97) also reported difficulties related to travel (60%), costs (28%), dysfunctional health system (18%) and unfriendly attitudes of the health-care providers (7%). Conclusion: To improve access to institutional delivery, the government should establish a 24/7 emergency ambulance network, including air ambulance. Health system issues, including unfriendly staff attitudes, urgently need to be addressed to gain the trust of the mothers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-272
Number of pages6
JournalPublic health action
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Universal institutional delivery among mothers in a remote mountain district of Nepal: what are the challenges?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this