Uroperitoneum and bilateral renal rupture in a buck following urethral and urinary bladder obstruction due to carbonate apatite/struvite urolithiasis.

Nektarios D. Giadinis, Kalliopi Tsagkari, Evangelia Apostolidi, Victoria Siarkou, Panayiotis Loukopoulos

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePoster

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Abstract

Urolithiasis is encountered less frequently in goats compared to other ruminants. When followed by lower urinary tract obstruction, it may, if not diagnosed and treated early, lead to urethral or bladder rupture,
azotemia and death. We describe a case of obstructive carbonate apatite/struvite urolithiasis in a buck, causing complete urethral and bladder blockage followed by bilateral renal rupture and uroperitoneum. A buck from a herd
from Asvestohori, Thessalonica, Greece, with a history of dysuria that had progressed to anuria and death was submitted for necropsy in May 2011. The other buck of the herd showed similar signs albeit to a milder degree. The
animals were fed straw, alfalfa hay, and commercial concentrates, and were allowed to graze for a few hours daily. The two months prior to presentation, the water supplied to the animals came from a well within the farm
compounds. On necropsy, perineal erythema, severe abdominal distention due to severe uroperitoneum and bilateral renal rupture were noted. A large number of spherical smooth olive-green stones 1mm to1.5cm in diameter was
present in the bladder and urethra, causing their complete obstruction, severe distention of the bladder, and hemorrhagic content throughout the urethral lumen. Bacterial culture of urethral samples in aerobic conditions was
negative. Chemical analysis showed that the uroliths were composed of struvite (40%) and carbonate apatite (60%). Urolithiasis in the buck may be due to carbonate apatite-struvite uroliths. Bilateral renal rupture and uroperitoneum
due to obstructive urolithiasis is rarely reported in the goat.
Original languageEnglish
Pages191-191
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Event56th American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD)/117th United States Animal Hospital Association (USAHA) Annual Meeting - Town and Country Resort & Convention Center , San Diego, United States
Duration: 16 Oct 201322 Oct 2013
http://www.aavld.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=315:program-guide-annual-meeting-2013

Conference

Conference56th American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD)/117th United States Animal Hospital Association (USAHA) Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period16/10/1322/10/13
Internet address

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  • Activities

    • 1 Workshop/course/forum

    56th American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD)/117th United States Animal Hospital Association (USAHA) Annual Meeting

    Panos Loukopoulos (Participant)

    Oct 2013

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventWorkshop/course/forumIndustry

    Cite this

    Giadinis, N. D., Tsagkari, K., Apostolidi, E., Siarkou, V., & Loukopoulos, P. (2013). Uroperitoneum and bilateral renal rupture in a buck following urethral and urinary bladder obstruction due to carbonate apatite/struvite urolithiasis.. 191-191. Poster session presented at 56th American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD)/117th United States Animal Hospital Association (USAHA) Annual Meeting, San Diego, United States.