Use of innovative VRET in management of dental anxiety

Kumar Raghav, Ad De Jongh, Fawzia Abdullah, Md Nurul Islam, Marc Bernatchez

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation onlypeer-review


The aim of the presentation is to introduce the effectiveness of a novel VRET (Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy) in management of Dental Phobia. Materials and method: Study sample comprised of two dental phobic female patients aged 45 and 28 years who satisfied the DSM-5 criteria. VRET was rendered using a Dell XPS-8700 desktop with 4th Generation Intel Core i7-4790 processor (8M Cache, up to 4.0 GHz) and ASUS NVIDIA GEFORCE GTX 750 TI OC 2GB GDDR5 graphic card. To immerse the participants in the VR dental environment we used an Oculus development kit 2 HMD (Head Mounted Display) with a resolution of 960X1080 per eye and with a 100 degree field of view (nominal). The self-report dental anxiety scores such as Visual Analogue scale-Anxiety (VAS-A), Modified Dental Anxiety Scores (MDAS) and Dental Fear Scale (DFS) of the patients were evaluated and compared at pre-intervention and post-intervention. Results: Post-therapy all self-report measures (VAS-A, MDAS, DFS) were reduced following VR exposure. The treatment gains were maintained after actual dental treatment and at 3 months follow-up. Summary and conclusions: VRET was successful in management of two dental phobic patients. The necessity of a theoretical framework for this new medium of exposure therapy for management of dental phobia is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2015
EventFDI 2015: Annual World Dental Congress - Bangkok International Trade and Exhibition Centre, Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 22 Sept 201525 Sept 2015


ConferenceFDI 2015
Abbreviated titleDentistry in the 21st century
Internet address


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