Valuing groundwater for irrigated agriculture towards food security in Punjab, Pakistan

Ghulam Hassan

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Groundwater is a vital natural source which is used for drinking, irrigation, industry, livestock, environment, and other commercial sectors and is playing an essential role in expanding irrigated agriculture for societal needs associated with food, fiber and development of mankind. It is largest reservoir of freshwater which accessible. The Pakistan like India and Bangladesh is the largest groundwater irrigated country. The canal irrigation water supply is insufficient to meet the crop water requirement in the previous as well as for current crop water due to enhanced irrigated area in the province. Crop water requirement is met from directly or indirectly irrigated using groundwater. The Punjab province uses more than 90% of the total groundwater abstraction in agriculture. About 60-70 percent, population of Pakistan depends directly or indirectly on groundwater need to produce more food and fibers and to enhance their livelihood and national economy. In last two to three decades, groundwater has used to boost up the agriculture productivity and agricultural industries. Under the current paper the valuing groundwater as a source of livelihood have been narrated and some suggestions have been outlined for the sustainable use of this natural resource in agriculture sector for farmers livelihood and food security in the country.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural Science and Agrotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


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