Vietnamese language use, proficiency, and intergenerational transmission in Australia

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Vietnamese is one of the most commonly spoken languages in the world, and in the top 5 languages spoken in Australia. To understand Vietnamese intergenerational transmission, 271 adults completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire (in Vietnamese or English). Vietnamese was the first language of 94% of participants and the most proficient language of 78%. Most (87%) were born in Vietnam and 9.4% in Australia. Most (>83%) rated their ability to speak Vietnamese as well or very well across four domains (speaking, understanding, reading, writing); while English proficiency was lower (68%-74%).Three clusters were identified: Proficient in Vietnamese only (31%), Proficient in both Vietnamese and English (52%), and Proficient in English only (17%). There was no gender difference across the clusters; however, participants proficient in Vietnamese only were older than those in the other clusters. Participants only proficient in English were more likely to have a bachelor's degree, to have the highest income, and to have lived longer in English-speaking countries. Overall, participants mostly used Vietnamese at home and with family, and English at work and education. Strategies to maintain Vietnamese included choosing to read, watch, and listen to Vietnamese media and only using Vietnamese with friends and family. Acknowledgment: This research is a part of an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant (DP180102848) titled VietSpeech: Vietnamese-Australian children's speech and language competence.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019
EventFifth Intergenerational Transmission of Minority Languages Symposium (ITML5) (online) - Online
Duration: 09 Dec 2019 → …


ConferenceFifth Intergenerational Transmission of Minority Languages Symposium (ITML5) (online)
Period09/12/19 → …
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'Vietnamese language use, proficiency, and intergenerational transmission in Australia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this