Wetland change detection in protected and unprotected indus coastal and inland delta

Muhammad Hasan Ali Baig, Mubbashra Sultan, Mobushir Riaz Khan, Lifu Zhang, Maria Kozlova, Naeem Abbas Malik, Shudong Wang

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


Worth of wetland sites lies in their ecological importance. They enhance ecosystem via provision of ecological services like improving water quality, groundwater infiltration, flood risk reduction and biodiversity regulation. Like other parts of the world Pakistan is also facing wetlands degradation. Ecological and economic significance of wetlands was recognized officially in 1971 as Pakistan became signatory of Ramsar wetland convention. Wetlands provide habitat to species of ecological and economic importance. Despite being recognized for international importance, Ramsar figures state that almost half of Pakistan's wetlands are at moderate or prominent level threat. Wetlands ecosystems are deteriorating at a rapid rate, if uncontrolled this trend may lead to substantial losses. Therefore, management of these resources demands regular monitoring. Present study is dedicated to assessing levels of change overtime in three distinct types of wetlands in Pakistan i.e. Indus delta a coastal wetland, Uchhali complex an inland wetland which are both protected sites while another site Nurri Lagoon which is not sheltered under any category of protected areas. Remotely sensed data has remarkable applications in change detection. Multitemporal Landsat images were used to map changes occurring from 2006 to 2016. Results reveal that wetland area has considerably decreased for all types. Both protected sites have experienced degradation though impact is comparatively lesser than unprotected Nurri lagoon. Significance of protection strategies cannot be denied, it is recommended that mere declaration of a site protected area is not sufficient. It is equally important to control non-point pollutants and ensuring the compliance of conservation strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWetland change detection in protected and unprotected indus coastal and inland delta
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2017
EventThe ISPRS Geospatial Week 2017 - Wuhan East Lake International Conference Center, Wuhan, China
Duration: 18 Sep 201722 Sep 2017
http://gsw2017.3snews.net/#:~:text=The%20ISPRS%20Geospatial%20Week%202017%2C%20which%20is%20devoted%20to%20promoting,September%2018%2D22%2C%202017%20at (conference website)
http://gsw2017.3snews.net/statics/ProgramBook-GSW2017.pdf (program book)

Publication series

NameInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
PublisherInternational Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
ISSN (Print)1682-1750


ConferenceThe ISPRS Geospatial Week 2017
Abbreviated titleGeospatial for smart city
OtherThe ISPRS Geospatial Week 2017, which is devoted to promoting international cooperation and exchanges in surveying and mapping and the development of geospatial science and technology, will be hosted by International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) and WuHan University on September 18-22, 2017 at Wuhan East Lake International Conference Center. The theme of the GIS-SmartCity 2017 is “Geospatial For Smart City” in the first day. Plenary session will be in the first whole day. There will be ten workshops and technical exhibitions in the next four days. There will be several academic activities and social programs, such as the main venue, the sub-venue, commercial exhibitions, new product release, awards & honours, social parties and recruitment.
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