What methods are commonly used during weaning (mare removal) and why? A pilot study

Catherine Williams, Hayley Randle

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

The behavioral effects on the foal during weaning are well documented and it is commonly agreed that foals are likely to suffer from stress during this procedure. A questionnaire comprising closed and open questions issued to breeders resulted in 440 responses all of which (100%) were usable. The gradual method was the most popular method used (40.5%), followed by abrupt (30.9%),‘other’ (15.2%), paddock (8.6%) and barn method (4.8%) respectively. Foal age is much lower for the abrupt method and much greater for ‘other’ method in comparison with all other methods (Chi-square statistics, P < 0.001). OLS regression results revealed a positive association between method and age (t ¼ 9.04; F4,435 ¼ 22.7, P <0.0001; Adj R2 ¼ 0.17) with younger foals more likely to be weaned using the abrupt (t ¼ 4.31, P < 0.0001) and barn methods (t ¼ 2.17, P< 0.05) and older foals more likely to being weaned using the ‘other’ method (t ¼ 6.97, P < 0.0001, F4,435 ¼ -21.3, Adj R2 ¼ 0.24).Inspection of respondents data suggest that large studs and those who breed many foals are more likely to breed every year and tend to remove foals from their mother earlier. This study demonstrates that current weaning practices vary broadly in terms of method used and age at removal, but shows significant trends according to stud size and number, and number of foals bred per year.
Original languageEnglish
Article number41
Pages (from-to)89-89
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event12th International Equitation Science Conference (ISES 2016) - French National Riding School, Saumur, France
Duration: 23 Jun 201625 Jun 2016
http://equitationscience.com/previous-conferences/2016-12th-international-conference
file:///D:/Users/mmonta07/Downloads/Proceedings%20ISES%202016.pdf (Conference proceedings)

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Weaning
mares
weaning
foals
methodology
barns
breeds
questionnaires
statistics
pastures

Cite this

@article{da0d5d063e9a4dce8d9f03c04520ec13,
title = "What methods are commonly used during weaning (mare removal) and why?: A pilot study",
abstract = "The behavioral effects on the foal during weaning are well documented and it is commonly agreed that foals are likely to suffer from stress during this procedure. A questionnaire comprising closed and open questions issued to breeders resulted in 440 responses all of which (100{\%}) were usable. The gradual method was the most popular method used (40.5{\%}), followed by abrupt (30.9{\%}),‘other’ (15.2{\%}), paddock (8.6{\%}) and barn method (4.8{\%}) respectively. Foal age is much lower for the abrupt method and much greater for ‘other’ method in comparison with all other methods (Chi-square statistics, P < 0.001). OLS regression results revealed a positive association between method and age (t ¼ 9.04; F4,435 ¼ 22.7, P <0.0001; Adj R2 ¼ 0.17) with younger foals more likely to be weaned using the abrupt (t ¼ 4.31, P < 0.0001) and barn methods (t ¼ 2.17, P< 0.05) and older foals more likely to being weaned using the ‘other’ method (t ¼ 6.97, P < 0.0001, F4,435 ¼ -21.3, Adj R2 ¼ 0.24).Inspection of respondents data suggest that large studs and those who breed many foals are more likely to breed every year and tend to remove foals from their mother earlier. This study demonstrates that current weaning practices vary broadly in terms of method used and age at removal, but shows significant trends according to stud size and number, and number of foals bred per year.",
keywords = "weaning, equine, welfare, gradual, abrupt",
author = "Catherine Williams and Hayley Randle",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.jveb.2016.08.048",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "89--89",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research",
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What methods are commonly used during weaning (mare removal) and why? A pilot study. / Williams, Catherine; Randle, Hayley.

In: Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research, Vol. 15, 41, 2016, p. 89-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - What methods are commonly used during weaning (mare removal) and why?

T2 - A pilot study

AU - Williams, Catherine

AU - Randle, Hayley

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The behavioral effects on the foal during weaning are well documented and it is commonly agreed that foals are likely to suffer from stress during this procedure. A questionnaire comprising closed and open questions issued to breeders resulted in 440 responses all of which (100%) were usable. The gradual method was the most popular method used (40.5%), followed by abrupt (30.9%),‘other’ (15.2%), paddock (8.6%) and barn method (4.8%) respectively. Foal age is much lower for the abrupt method and much greater for ‘other’ method in comparison with all other methods (Chi-square statistics, P < 0.001). OLS regression results revealed a positive association between method and age (t ¼ 9.04; F4,435 ¼ 22.7, P <0.0001; Adj R2 ¼ 0.17) with younger foals more likely to be weaned using the abrupt (t ¼ 4.31, P < 0.0001) and barn methods (t ¼ 2.17, P< 0.05) and older foals more likely to being weaned using the ‘other’ method (t ¼ 6.97, P < 0.0001, F4,435 ¼ -21.3, Adj R2 ¼ 0.24).Inspection of respondents data suggest that large studs and those who breed many foals are more likely to breed every year and tend to remove foals from their mother earlier. This study demonstrates that current weaning practices vary broadly in terms of method used and age at removal, but shows significant trends according to stud size and number, and number of foals bred per year.

AB - The behavioral effects on the foal during weaning are well documented and it is commonly agreed that foals are likely to suffer from stress during this procedure. A questionnaire comprising closed and open questions issued to breeders resulted in 440 responses all of which (100%) were usable. The gradual method was the most popular method used (40.5%), followed by abrupt (30.9%),‘other’ (15.2%), paddock (8.6%) and barn method (4.8%) respectively. Foal age is much lower for the abrupt method and much greater for ‘other’ method in comparison with all other methods (Chi-square statistics, P < 0.001). OLS regression results revealed a positive association between method and age (t ¼ 9.04; F4,435 ¼ 22.7, P <0.0001; Adj R2 ¼ 0.17) with younger foals more likely to be weaned using the abrupt (t ¼ 4.31, P < 0.0001) and barn methods (t ¼ 2.17, P< 0.05) and older foals more likely to being weaned using the ‘other’ method (t ¼ 6.97, P < 0.0001, F4,435 ¼ -21.3, Adj R2 ¼ 0.24).Inspection of respondents data suggest that large studs and those who breed many foals are more likely to breed every year and tend to remove foals from their mother earlier. This study demonstrates that current weaning practices vary broadly in terms of method used and age at removal, but shows significant trends according to stud size and number, and number of foals bred per year.

KW - weaning

KW - equine

KW - welfare

KW - gradual

KW - abrupt

U2 - 10.1016/j.jveb.2016.08.048

DO - 10.1016/j.jveb.2016.08.048

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 15

SP - 89

EP - 89

JO - Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research

JF - Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research

SN - 1558-7878

M1 - 41

ER -