Royal jelly has been widely used as a health supplement worldwide. However, royal jelly has been implicated in allergic reactions, and we developed a water-soluble royal jelly (WSRJ) without the allergy inducing protein. In this study, we aimed to identify the anti-melanogenic efficacy of WSRJ. B16F1 melanoma cells were first treated with 10 nM a-melanocyte stimulating hormone (a-MSH) and then with various doses of WSRJ. In addition, we investigated the mRNA and protein expression of melanogenesis-related genes such as tyrosinase, tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1) and TRP-2 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. WSRJ directly inhibited tyrosinase and cellular tyrosinase activity, which decreased melanin synthesis in a-MSH stimulated B16F1 melanoma cells a level comparable to that observed with arbutin. WSRJ decreased the mRNA and protein expressions of tyrosinase, TRP-1, and TRP-2, which was comparable to that observed with arbutin. WSRJ has strong anti-melanogenic activity, which invoice direct inhibition of tyrosinase enzyme activity and suppression of expression of melanogenesis related genes. Results from this study suggests that WSRJ is a potential candidate for the treatment of skin pigmentation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
Han, S. M., Kim, J. M., Hong, I. P., Woo, S. O., Kim, S. G., Jang, H. R., Park, K. K., & Pak, S. (2015). Whitening effect of watersoluble royal jelly from South Korea. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, 35(5), 707-713. https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.2015.35.5.707